Table of Contents
Plastic Surgery International
Volume 2015, Article ID 213892, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/213892
Clinical Study

Free Flap Transfer to Preserve Main Arterial Flow in Early Reconstruction of Open Fracture in the Lower Extremity

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kitasato University Hospital, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan

Received 11 December 2014; Accepted 25 February 2015

Academic Editor: Nicolo Scuderi

Copyright © 2015 Mitsuru Nemoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Harashina, “Analysis of 200 free flaps,” British Journal of Plastic Surgery, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 33–36, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Khouri and W. W. Shaw, “Reconstruction of the lower extremity with microvascular free flaps: a 10-year experience with 304 consecutive cases,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1086–1094, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. G. Melissinos and D. H. Parks, “Post-trauma reconstruction with free tissue transfer: analysis of 442 consecutive cases,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1095–1103, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. K. Khouri, “Avoiding free flap failure,” Clinics in Plastic Surgery, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 773–781, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. D. Acland, “Refinements in lower extremity free flap surgery,” Clinics in Plastic Surgery, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 733–744, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. A. Goldberg, B. S. Alpert, W. C. Lineaweaver, and H. J. Buncke, “Microvascular reconstruction of the lower extremity in the elderly,” Clinics in Plastic Surgery, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 459–465, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. J. Samaha, A. Oliva, G. M. Buncke, H. J. Buncke, and P. P. Siko, “A clinical study of end-to-end versus end-to-side techniques for microvascular anastomosis,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 1109–1111, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H.-C. Chen, C.-C. Chuang, S. Chen, W.-M. Hsu, and F.-C. Wei, “Selection of recipient vessels for free flaps to the distal leg and foot following trauma,” Microsurgery, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 358–363, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. E. Stompro and T. R. Stevenson, “Reconstruction of the traumatized leg: use of distally based free flaps,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 1021–1027, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Minami, H. Kato, N. Suenaga, and N. Iwasaki, “Distally-based free vascularized tissue grafts in the lower leg,” Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 495–499, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. R. Kolker, A. K. Kasabian, N. S. Karp, and J. J. Gottlieb, “Fate of free flap microanastomosis distal to the zone of injury in lower extremity trauma,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 1068–1073, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. S. Isenberg and R. Sherman, “The limited value of preoperative angiography in microsurgical reconstruction of the lower limb,” Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 303–306, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. S. Lutz, F.-C. Wei, H.-G. Machens, U. Rhode, and A. Berger, “Indications and limitations of angiography before free-flap transplantation to the distal lower leg after trauma: prospective study in 36 patients,” Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 187–192, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Duymaz, F. E. Karabekmez, T. J. Vrtiska, S. Mardini, and S. L. Moran, “Free tissue transfer for lower extremity reconstruction: a study of the role of computed angiography in the planning of free tissue transfer in the posttraumatic setting,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 523–529, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Godina, Z. M. Arnez, and G. D. Lister, “Preferential use of the posterior approach to blood vessels of the lower leg in microvascular surgery,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 287–291, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Park and J. S. Eom, “Selection of the recipient vessel in the free flap around the knee: the superior medial genicular vessels and the descending genicular vessels,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 1177–1182, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Godina, “Preferential use of end-to-side arterial anastomoses in free flap transfers,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 673–682, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. L. Frodel, R. Trachy, and C. W. Cummings, “End-to-end and end-to-side microvascular anastomoses: a comparative study,” Microsurgery, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 117–123, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. Koshima, S. Kawada, H. Etoh, S. Kawamura, T. Moriguchi, and H. Sonoh, “Flow-through anterior thigh flaps for one-stage reconstruction of soft-tissue defects and revascularization of ischemic extremities,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 252–260, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus