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Volume 101, Issue 1-2, Pages 113-118

First Neotropical Mutualistic Associations in Bumblebee Nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge 02138, MA, USA

Received 17 April 1994

Copyright © 1994 Gabriela Chavarria.


Ectosymbionts of bumblebee nests of Bombus ephippiatus are recorded for first time from the American Tropics. An overview of this interaction is provided.

“The insect colony and its immediate environment can be thought of as an island which symbiotic organisms are continuously attempting to colonize”