Psyche: A Journal of Entomology / 2009 / Article / Fig 10

Research Article

Nesting Behavior of Abispa ephippium (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae): Extended Parental Care in an Australian Mason Wasp

Figure 10

Funnel repair by A. ephippium: (a) Intact funnel, (b) funnel artificially removed, (c) first mud load applied by female, and (d) completely rebuilt funnel with female in characteristic head-out resting position. Entrance hole diameter 9 mm.

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