Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Psyche
Volume 2010, Article ID 804709, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/804709
Research Article

Phylogeographic Investigations of the Widespread, Arid-Adapted Antlion Brachynemurus sackeni Hagen (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)

Department of Biology, Utah State University, 5305 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322, USA

Received 10 June 2010; Accepted 16 November 2010

Academic Editor: Coby Schal

Copyright © 2010 Joseph S. Wilson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Avise, Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2000.
  2. N. A. Ayoub and S. E. Riechert, “Molecular evidence for Pleistocene glacial cycles driving diversification of a North American desert spider, Agelenopsis aperta,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 3453–3465, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. R. Jaeger, B. R. Riddle, and D. F. Bradford, “Cryptic Neogene vicariance and Quaternary dispersal of the red-spotted toad (Bufo punctatus): insights on the evolution of North American warm desert biotas,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 3033–3048, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. J. Devitt, “Phylogeography of the Western Lyresnake (Trimorphodon biscutatus): testing aridland biogeographical hypotheses across the Nearctic-Neotropical transition,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 15, no. 14, pp. 4387–4407, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. E. Douglas, M. R. Douglas, G. W. Schuett, and L. W. Porras, “Evolution of rattlesnakes (Viperidae; Crotalus) in the warm deserts of western North America shaped by Neogene vicariance and Quaternary climate change,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 3353–3374, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. P. Pitts, J. S. Wilson, and C. D. von Dohlen, “Evolution of the nocturnal Nearctic Sphaeropthalminae velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) driven by Neogene orogeny and Pleistocene glaciation,” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 134–145, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. S. Wilson and J. P. Pitts, “Phylogeographic analysis of the nocturnal velvet ant genus Dilophotopsis (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) provides insights into diversification in the Nearctic deserts,” Biological journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 101, pp. 360–375, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. D. Leaché and D. G. Mulcahy, “Phylogeny, divergence times and species limits of spiny lizards (Sceloporus magister species group) in western North American deserts and Baja California,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 16, no. 24, pp. 5216–5233, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. E. Hendrixson and J. E. Bond, “Testing species boundaries in the Antrodiaetus unicolor complex (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Antrodiaetidae): “Paraphyly” and cryptic diversity,” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 405–416, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. C. Williams, S. J. Ormerod, and M. W. Bruford, “Molecular systematics and phylogeography of the cryptic species complex Baetis rhodani (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae),” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 370–382, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Kuhlmann, G. R. Else, A. Dawson, and D. L. J. Quicke, “Molecular, biogeographical and phenological evidence for the existence of three western European sibling species in the Colletes succinctus group (Hymenoptera: Apidae),” Organisms Diversity and Evolution, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 155–165, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. S. Wilson and J. P. Pitts, “Revision of velvet ant genus Dilophotopsis Schuster (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) by using molecular and morphological data, with implications for desert biogeography,” Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 514–524, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. S. Wilson and J. P. Pitts, “Species boundaries of Sphaeropthalma unicolor (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): is color useful for differentiating species?” Journal of Hymenoptera Research, vol. 18, pp. 212–226, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. W. Bowen, W. S. Nelson, and J. C. Avise, “A molecular phylogeny for marine turtles: trait mapping, rate assessment, and conservation relevance,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 90, no. 12, pp. 5574–5577, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. B. Ravaoarimanana, R. Tiedemann, D. Montagnon, and Y. Rumpler, “Molecular and cytogenic evidence for cryptic speciation within a rare endemic Malagasy lemur, the northern supportive lemur (Lepilemur septentrionalis),” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 31, pp. 440–448, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  16. C. I. Smith and B. D. Farrell, “Phylogeography of the longhorn cactus beetle Moneilema appressum LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): was the differentiation of the Madrean sky islands driven by Pleistocene climate changes?” Molecular Ecology, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 3049–3065, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Chatzimanolis and M. S. Caterino, “Phylogeography and conservation genetics of Californian coastal terrestrial communities: a comparative study using three beetles,” Insect Conservation and Diversity, vol. 1, pp. 222–232, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. S. Wilson and J. P. Pitts, “Pleistocene diversification of the Odontophotopsis unicornis species-group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae),” Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 103, no. 4, pp. 555–565, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. C. Crews and M. Hedin, “Studies of morphological and molecular phylogenetic divergence in spiders (Araneae: Homalonychus) from the American southwest, including divergence along the Baja California Peninsula,” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 470–487, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. A. Stange, “Revision of the ant-lion tribe Brachynemurini of North America,” University of California Publications in Entomology, vol. 55, pp. 1–192, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. B. Miller and L. A. Stange, “An antlion, Glenurus gratus (Say) (Insecta: Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae),” University of Florida IFAS Extension, vol. EENY-393, pp. 1–4, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. M. Omernik, “Ecoregions of the conterminous United States,” Annnals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 118–125, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. G. Foottit, H. E. L. Maw, C. D. Von Dohlen, and P. D. N. Hebert, “Species identification of aphids (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) through DNA barcodes,” Molecular Ecology Resources, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1189–1201, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. D. Thompson, D. G. Higgins, and T. J. Gibson, “CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 4673–4680, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. R. Maddison and W. P. Maddison, MacClade 4 version 4.07 for OSX, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass, USA, 2005.
  26. E. M. Pilgrim, S. A. Roush, and D. E. Krane, “Combining DNA sequences and morphology in systematics: testing the validity of the dragonfly species Cordulegaster bilineata,” Heredity, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 184–190, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. H. H. Weekers, J. F. De Jonckheere, and H. J. Dumont, “Phylogenetic relationships inferred from ribosomal ITS sequences and biogeographic patterns in representatives of the genus Calopteryx (Insecta: Odonata) of the West Mediterranean and adjacent West European zone,” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 89–99, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. F. Ronquist and J. P. Huelsenbeck, “MrBayes 3: bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models,” Bioinformatics, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1572–1574, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Lanave, G. Preparata, C. Saccone, and G. Serio, “A new method for calculating evolutionary substitution rates,” Journal of Molecular Evolution, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 86–93, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Clement, D. Posada, and K. A. Crandall, “TCS: a computer program to estimate gene genealogies,” Molecular Ecology, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 1657–1659, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. V. Z. Brower, “Rapid morphological radiation and convergence among races of the butterfly Heliconius erato inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 91, no. 14, pp. 6491–6495, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. S. Wilson and J. P. Pitts, “Illuminating the lack of consensus among descriptions of earth history data in the North American deserts: a resource for biologists,” Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 419–441, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar