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Psyche
Volume 2011, Article ID 324130, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/324130
Review Article

Distribution Patterns of Grasshoppers and Their Kin in the Boreal Zone

1Department of General Biology and Ecology, Novosibirsk State University, 2 Pirogova Street, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
2Laboratory of Insect Ecology, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 11 Frunze Street, Novosibirsk 630091, Russia

Received 1 August 2010; Accepted 17 September 2010

Academic Editor: Alexandre Latchininsky

Copyright © 2011 Michael G. Sergeev. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The distribution patterns of Orthoptera are described for the boreal zone. The boreal fauna of Eurasia includes more than 81 species. Many of them are widely distributed. The monotypic genus Paracyphoderris Storozhenko and at least 13 species are endemics or subendemics. About 50 species are known from boreal North America. Four endemic species are distributed very locally. Relationships between the faunas of the Eurasian and North American parts of the boreal zone are relatively weak. The boreal assemblages are usually characterized by the low levels of species diversity and abundance. Grasshoppers and their relatives occupy almost exclusively open habitats, such as different types of meadows, mountain steppes and tundras, clearings, openings, bogs, and stony flood plains. The local endemics and subendemics are found only in some habitats of the eastern part of Eurasia and the north-western part of North America. Retrospective and prospective of the boreal fauna of Orthoptera are also discussed.