Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Psyche
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 590619, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/590619
Review Article

Hylastes ater (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) Affecting Pinus radiata Seedling Establishment in New Zealand

1Silver Bullet Forest Research, P.O. Box 56-491, Dominion Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
2Bio-Protection Research Centre, Lincoln University, P.O. Box 84, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand
3Vineland Research and Innovation Centre, 4890 Victoria Avenue N., P.O. Box 4000, Vineland Station, ON, Canada L0R 2E0

Received 5 August 2011; Revised 20 November 2011; Accepted 22 December 2011

Academic Editor: John A. Byers

Copyright © 2012 Stephen D. Reay et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The introduced pine bark beetle Hylastes ater has been present in New Zealand for around 100 years. The beetle has been a minor pest on pines. Research was undertaken to control the pest in the 1950s–1970s, with a biological control agent introduced with limited success. Following a reasonably long period with minimal research attention, renewed interest in developing a better understanding of the pest status was initiated in the mid to late 1990s. Subsequently, a significant amount of research was undertaken, with a number of studies exploring the role of this pest of exotic forests in New Zealand. These studies ranged from attempting to quantify damage to seedlings, evaluate the role of the beetle in vectoring sapstain fungi, explore options for management, and evaluate the potential for chemical and biological control. From these studies, a number of findings were made that are relevant to the New Zealand exotic forest industry and shed new light onto the role of secondary bark beetles globally.