Psyche: A Journal of Entomology / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Evolutionary Perspectives on Myrmecophily in Ladybirds

Table 1

Taxonomy and some biological characteristics of myrmecophilous ladybirds. Facultatively myrmecophilous species and species for which no reliable information is available are not included.

TaxonAnt associateLarval dietMyrmecophilous traitsReferences

Chilocorinae
 Platynaspis luteorubraLasius niger, Myrmica rugulosa, Tetramorium caepsicumAnt-tended aphidsBehavior, prey odor mimicry, flat body, marginal setae, short and stout legs [33]
Coccinellinae
 Coccinella magnificaFormica rufaAnt-tended aphidsBehavior, chemical deterrent[42, 43]
Coccidulinae
 Azya orbigeraAzteca instabilisAnt-tended coccidsWaxy covering[29]
 Bucolus fournetiUnknownAnt workersWaxy covering[31]
Ortalinae
Ortalia pallens Pheidole punctulataAnt workersWaxy covering[34]
Scymninae
 Brachiacantha
quadripunctata
Lasius umbratus, Formica subpolitaAnt-tended aphids and adelgidsBehavior, and Waxy covering[40]
 Brachiacantha ursinaLasius sp. Ant-tended aphids and adelgidsWaxy covering[39]
 Hyperaspis reppensisTapinoma nigerrimumApparently ant-tended fulgoridsBody oval, and waxy covering[60]
 Scymnodes bellusIridomyrmex sp.Ant workersFlat body, marginal setae, short and stout legs[27]
 Scymnus interruptusLasius nigerAnt-tended aphidsWaxy covering[30]
 Scymnus nigrinusFormica polyctenaAnt-tended aphidsWaxy covering[30]
 Diomus thoracicusWasmannia auropunctataAnt broodPrey odor mimicry, flat body, marginal setae, short and stout legs [28]
 Thalassa saginataDolichoderus bidensUnknownAnt mimicry[32]

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