Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 3

Adjusted odds ratios for five family variables by country (controlled for gender, grade, and migrant status).

CountryFamily structureFamily bondingParental supervisionAffluenceNegative life events

Armenia1.950.900.721.181.08
Austria0.630.640.681.241.25
Belgium0.680.700.651.251.21
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.510.660.581.191.18
Cyprus0.950.740.521.121.30
Czech Republic0.880.800.641.121.10
Denmark0.540.570.571.171.31
Estonia0.850.720.611.111.19
Finland0.640.540.461.181.37
France0.630.680.711.271.26
Germany0.670.660.661.761.29
Hungary0.790.650.591.101.06
Iceland0.350.550.470.581.74
Ireland0.550.620.520.831.45
Italy0.760.730.661.181.20
Lithuania0.720.770.611.021.16
Netherlands0.790.680.701.581.31
Norway0.670.640.611.201.31
Poland0.710.740.541.101.21
Portugal0.921.000.661.171.09
Russia0.770.590.571.241.17
Slovenia0.720.680.540.911.19
Spain0.870.790.691.211.26
Sweden0.510.650.511.211.42
Switzerland0.750.590.591.271.32