Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 4

The results of multilevel analysis concerning bonding (last model: individuals 52724; schools 1344; countries: 25).

Model 0: empty modelModel 1: control variablesModel 2: bondingModel 3: cross-level interaction bonding random slopeModel 4: country clusterModel 5: family bonding × country cluster

Fixedexp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)
 Intercept.16 (.02)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.02)***.09 (.02)***
 Grade 8 (ref. grade 7).91 (.03)***.86 (.03)***.86 (.03)***.86 (.03)***.85 (.07)***
 Grade 9 (ref. grade 7)1.09 (.04)**.96 (.03) ns.96 (.03) ns.95 (.03).96 (.03) ns
 Male (ref. female)1.43 (.04)***1.51 (.04)***1.51 (.04)***1.51 (.04)***1.51 (.03)***
 Native (ref. migrant)1.37 (.05)***1.43 (.05)***1.43 (.05)***1.43 (.05)***1.44 (.04)***
 bonding.68 (.01)***.68 (.02)***.68 (.02)***.57 (.06)***
 Western Europe (ref.
 Northern Europe, NE)
1.40 (.35)1.49 (.27)
 Mediterranean countries (ref.
 NE)
.69 (.20).84 (.32)
 Postsocialist countries (ref.
 NE)
.82 (.20).96 (.25)
 bonding x Western Europe
  (ref. NE)
1.12 (.02)*
 bonding x Mediterranean
 countries (ref. NE)
1.37 (.01)***
 bonding x Postsocialist
 countries (ref. NE)
1.26 (.01)***
Random
 Var. school.271.252.252.249.250.250
 Var. country.244.239.223.224.182.177
 Var. bonding.013.013.002
 Cor. bonding, intercept .227.167
LR test (2) = 1830*** (4) = 315*** (1) = 1020*** (2) = 48*** (3) = 5.2 ns (6) = 29***

*** ; ** ; * . Models 4 and 5 are compared to Model 3.