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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2013, Article ID 907068, 5 pages
Research Article

Influence of Sleep Disturbances on Quality of Life of Iranian Menopausal Women

1Occupational Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2Occupational Sleep Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Metabolic Disease Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
4Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Bahonar Bolvar, P.O. Box 3419759811, Qazvin, Iran

Received 6 August 2013; Revised 16 September 2013; Accepted 17 September 2013

Academic Editor: Michael Kluge

Copyright © 2013 Zohreh Yazdi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Subjective sleep disturbances increase during menopause. Some problems commonly encountered during menopause, such as hot flushes and sweating at night, can cause women to have difficulty in sleeping. These complaints can influence quality of life of menopausal women. Methods. This cross-sectional study was performed on menopausal women attending health centers in Qazvin for periodic assessments. We measured excessive daytime sleepiness by Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by the Berlin questionnaire, and insomnia by the insomnia severity index (ISI). We evaluate quality of life by the Menopause specific quality of life questionnaire (MENQOL). Results. A total of 380 menopausal women entered the study. Mean age of participated women was 57.6 ± 6.02. Mean duration of menopause was 6.3 ± 4.6. The frequency of severe and moderate insomnia was 8.4% (32) and 11.8% (45). Severe daytime sleepiness (ESS ≥ 10) was present in 27.9% (80) of the participants. Multivariate analytic results show that insomnia and daytime sleepiness have independent negative impact on each domain and total score of MENQOL questionnaire. Conclusion. According to our findings, EDS and insomnia are frequent in menopausal women. Both EDS and insomnia have significant quality of life impairment.