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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 6731341, 8 pages
Research Article

Prevalence of Cannabis Use Disorder and Associated Factors among Cannabis Young Adult Users at Shashemene Town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2016

1Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
3Department of Epidemiology, College of Health Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Dessie Abebaw

Received 16 September 2017; Accepted 24 January 2018; Published 19 February 2018

Academic Editor: Nicola Magnavita

Copyright © 2018 Mikiyas Tullu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Cannabis users are at high risk of developing cannabis use disorder which is a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. Objective. To assess the magnitude of cannabis use disorder and associated factors among young adults using cannabis at Shashemene Town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Shashemene Town, from May to June 2016. Young adults aged 18–25 who use cannabis and are permanent residents of Shashemene were included in the study. Using single proportion formula, 423 participants were selected using exponential discriminative snow ball sampling. Result. This study revealed that the magnitude of cannabis use disorder was 42.2%. The most contributing factors that remained to be statistically significant with cannabis use disorder were common mental disorder (AOR = 2.125, 95% CI: 1.218, 3.708), current cigarette smoking (AOR = 6.118, 95% CI: 2.13, 17.575), and current use of shisha (AOR = 4.313, 95% CI: 2.427, 7.664). Conclusion. The magnitude of cannabis use disorder among young adults using cannabis was high.