Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 497690, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/497690
Clinical Study

Improved Left Ventricular Diastolic Function with Exercise Training in Hypertension: A Doppler Imaging Study

Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, 389 Xincun Road, Shanghai 200065, China

Received 25 September 2010; Revised 23 November 2010; Accepted 3 January 2011

Academic Editor: Luc Vanhees

Copyright © 2011 Huan Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. P. Whelton, A. Chin, X. Xin, and J. He, “Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 136, no. 7, pp. 493–503, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. V. Chobanian, G. L. Bakris, H. R. Black et al., “Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure,” Hypertension, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1206–1252, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. D. S. Bocalini, L. Dos Santos, and A. J. Serra, “Physical exercise improves the functional capacity and quality of life in patients with heart failure,” Clinics, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 437–442, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Giannuzzi, P. L. Temporelli, U. Corrà, and L. Tavazzi, “Antiremodeling effect of long-term exercise training in patients with stable chronic heart failure: results of the exercise in left ventricular dysfunction and chronic heart failure (ELVD-CHF) trial,” Circulation, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 554–559, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. T. Koizumi, A. Miyazaki, N. Komiyama et al., “Improvement of left ventricular dysfunction during exercise by walking in patients with successful percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction,” Circulation Journal, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 233–237, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. F. Fletcher, G. J. Balady, E. A. Amsterdam et al., “Exercise standards for testing and training: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 104, no. 14, pp. 1694–1740, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Borg, Borg’s Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1998.
  8. K. Wassermann, J. E. Hansen, D. Y. Sue, and B. J. Whipp, Eds., Principles of Exercise Testing and Interpretation, Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1987.
  9. M. R. Rinder, R. J. Spina, L. R. Peterson, C. J. Koenig, C. R. Florence, and A. A. Ehsani, “Comparison of effects of exercise and diuretic on left ventricular geometry, mass, and insulin resistance in older hypertensive adults,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 287, no. 2, pp. R360–R368, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. S. Adamopoulos, A. J. S. Coats, F. Brunotte et al., “Physical training improves skeletal muscle metabolism in patients with chronic heart failure,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1101–1106, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Dekleva, V. Celic, N. Kostic, B. Pencic, A. M. Ivanovic, and Z. Caparevic, “Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is related to oxidative stress and exercise capacity in hypertensive patients with preserved systolic function,” Cardiology, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 62–70, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. C. A. Dumont, L. Monserrat, J. Peteiro et al., “Relation of left ventricular chamber stiffness at rest to exercise capacity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 1454–1457, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. M. Galderisi, “Diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure: diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic aspects,” Cardiovascular Ultrasound, vol. 4, pp. 3–9, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. C. Lin, “How to diagonize diastolic dysfunction,” Advances in Cardiovascular Disease, vol. 29, pp. 17–20, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. J. Paulus, C. Tschöpe, J. E. Sanderson et al., “How to diagnose diastolic heart failure: a consensus statement on the diagnosis of heart failure with normal left ventricular ejection fraction by the Heart Failure and Echocardiography Associations of the European Society of Cardiology,” European Heart Journal, vol. 28, no. 20, pp. 2539–2550, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. H. Pavlopoulos and P. Nihoyannopoulos, “Regional left ventricular distribution of abnormal segmental relaxation evaluated by strain echocardiography and the incremental value over annular diastolic velocities in hypertensive patients with normal global diastolic function,” European Journal of Echocardiography, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 654–662, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. M. U. P. Brandao, M. Wajngarten, E. Rondon, M. C. P. Giorgi, F. Hironaka, and C. E. Negrao, “Left ventricular function during dynamic exercise in untrained and moderately trained subjects,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 1989–1995, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. W. C. Levy, M. D. Cerqueira, I. B. Abrass, R. S. Schwartz, and J. R. Stratton, “Endurance exercise training augments diastolic filling at rest and during exercise in healthy young and older men,” Circulation, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 116–126, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Giallauria, A. De Lorenzo, F. Pilerci et al., “Reduction of N terminal-pro-brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide levels with exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 625–632, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. J. Myers, D. Hadley, U. Oswald et al., “Effects of exercise training on heart rate recovery in patients with chronic heart failure,” American Heart Journal, vol. 153, no. 6, pp. 1056–1063, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. E. Lubien, A. DeMaria, P. Krishnaswamy et al., “Utility of B-natriuretic peptide in detecting diastolic dysfunction: comparison with Doppler velocity recordings,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 595–601, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus