Rehabilitation Research and Practice / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Perceived Cognitive Decline in Multiple Sclerosis Impacts Quality of Life Independently of Depression

Table 1

Characteristics of MS patients ().

CharacteristicsTotal sampleMales ()Females () value

Age, years40.5 ± 10.340.9 ± 12.140.2 ± 9.2NS
Education level (A/B/C) %19/57/2425/56/1916/58/26
EDSS3.6 ± 1.93.9 ± 2.23.4 ± 1.7NS
MHI-depression69.0 ± 21.071.7 ± 21.267.5 ± 20.9NS
PDQ-attention/concentration4.8 ± 4.04 ± 3.45.2 ± 4.3NS
PDQ-retrospective memory3.9 ± 4.33.2 ± 3.94.3 ± 4.5NS
PDQ-prospective memory2.8 ± 3.42.3 ± 2.93.1 ± 3.6NS
PDQ-planning/organization3.1 ± 3.82.4 ± 3.33.4 ± 4.0NS
SF-36 physical functioning66.0 ± 36.265.7 ± 42.166.1 ± 32.7NS
SF-36 role physical69.0 ± 42.472.2 ± 40.967.2 ± 43.4NS
SF-36 general health60.7 ± 20.163.9 ± 20.958.9 ± 19.6NS
SF-36 vitality55.0 ± 23.060.6 ± 23.851.9 ± 22.0NS
SF-36 social functioning72.4 ± 29.074.0 ± 30.171.5 ± 28.5NS
SF-36 role emotional75.0 ± 40.676.0 ± 40.374.5 ± 41.0NS
SF-36 mental health58.7 ± 17.562.9 ± 17.656.4 ± 17.2NS

Unless specified otherwise, values are presented as means ± SD. Significance level or alpha () level was set at 0.05. Education level: A, primary education; B, secondary education; C, tertiary education; EDSS, Expanded Disability Status Scale; MHI, Mental Health Inventory; PDQ, Perceived Deficits Questionnaire, NS, nonsignificant.