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Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 767859, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/767859
Research Article

Does the Motor Level of the Paretic Extremities Affect Balance in Poststroke Subjects?

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (University of Delhi), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, 4 VD Marg, New Delhi 110002, India

Received 14 February 2014; Revised 28 March 2014; Accepted 23 April 2014; Published 19 May 2014

Academic Editor: Keh-chung Lin

Copyright © 2014 Kamal Narayan Arya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Poststroke impairment may lead to fall and unsafe functional performance. The underlying mechanism for the balance dysfunction is unclear. Objective. To analyze the relation between the motor level of the affected limbs and balance in poststroke subjects. Method. A prospective, cross-sectional, and nonexperimental design was conducted in a rehabilitation institute. A convenience sample of 44 patients was assessed for motor level using Brunnstrom recovery stage (BRS) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment: upper (FMA-UE) and lower extremities (FMA-LE). The balance was measured by Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS), and Functional Reach Test (FRT). Results. BRS showed moderate correlation with BBS ( to 0.60; ), PASS ( to 0.64; ) and FRT ( to 0.59; ). FMA-UE also exhibited moderate correlation with BBS ( ; ) and PASS ( ; ). FMA-LE showed fair correlation with BBS ( ; ) and PASS ( ; ). Conclusion. Motor control of the affected limbs plays an important role in balance. There is a moderate relation between the motor level of the upper and lower extremities and balance. The findings of the present study may be applied in poststroke rehabilitation.