Rehabilitation Research and Practice / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Clinical Study

The Effect of Therapeutic Exercise on Long-Standing Adductor-Related Groin Pain in Athletes: Modified Hölmich Protocol

Table 4

Dependent variables, before and after values, and significance level after the paired samples t-test.

Dependent variableBeforeAfterPercentage gain in muscle strengthPaired samples test sig. (two-tailed)

VAS pain score (legs add. against resistance)5.07 (0.59)0.27 (0.45)0.0001
VAS pain score (during function)5.20 (0.67)0.73 (0.79)0.0001
Hip Abd. ROM (°)45.53 (4.10)48.67 (4.25)0.0001
Hip Int. rot. ROM (°)23.40 (8.73)25.13 (8.21)0.006
Iso. Add. (N·m·kg−1)1.26 (0.49)2.00 (0.46)58.79%0.0001
Iso. Abd. (N·m·kg−1)1.63 (0.33)2.12 (0.31)29.53%0.0001
Ecc. Add. (N·m·kg−1)1.61 (0.75)2.49 (0.66)54.66%0.0001
Ecc. Abd. (N·m·kg−1)2.44 (0.54)3.07 (0.66)25.97%0.0001
Ratio of Iso. hip Add. to Abd.0.77 (0.24)0.94 (0.15)0.006
Ratio of Ecc. hip Add. to Abd.0.67 (0.27)0.81 (0.16)0.009
t-Test (sec)11.51 (0.91)9.86 (0.51)0.0001
ESST (m)23.80 (2.78)29.80 (2.42)0.0001
THT (m)5.30 (0.56)6.29 (0.39)0.0001

Note. Abd.: abduction; Add.: adduction; Int. rot.: internal rotation; Iso.: isometric; Ecc.: eccentric; VAS: visual analogue scale; ESST: Edgren Side Step Test; THT: Triple Hop Test for Distance.

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