Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 265306, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/265306
Research Article

Functional MRI Examination of Visual Pathways in Patients with Unilateral Optic Neuritis

1Sezione Scienze Radiologiche, Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Specialistiche ed Odontostomatologiche, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Tronto 10/A, 60126 Ancona, Italy
2Sezione Neuroscienze Cliniche, Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
3Sezione di Neuroscienze e Biologia Cellulare, Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy

Received 9 March 2012; Accepted 28 May 2012

Academic Editor: Kyousuke Kamada

Copyright © 2012 Giulia Mascioli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. J. Hickman, C. M. Dalton, D. H. Miller, and G. T. Plant, “Management of acute optic neuritis,” The Lancet, vol. 360, no. 9349, pp. 1953–1962, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. R. Jäger, “Loss of vision: imaging the visual pathways,” European Radiology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 501–510, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. J. Kupersmith, T. Alban, B. Zeiffer, and D. Lefton, “Contrast-enhanced MRI in acute optic neuritis: relationship to visual performance,” Brain, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 812–822, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Korsholm, K. H. Madsen, J. L. Frederiksen, J. B. Rowe, and T. E. Lund, “Cortical neuroplasticity in patients recovering from acute optic neuritis,” NeuroImage, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 836–844, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. M. Jenkins, A. T. Toosy, O. Ciccarelli et al., “Neuroplasticity predicts outcome of optic neuritis independent of tissue damage,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 99–113, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Dancause, S. Barbay, S. B. Frost et al., “Extensive cortical rewiring after brain injury,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 25, no. 44, pp. 10167–10179, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. L. Bengtsson, Z. Nagy, S. Skare, L. Forsman, H. Forssberg, and F. Ullén, “Extensive piano practicing has regionally specific effects on white matter development,” Nature Neuroscience, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1148–1150, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Bridge, O. Thomas, S. Jbabdi, and A. Cowey, “Changes in connectivity after visual cortical brain damage underlie altered visual function,” Brain, vol. 131, no. 6, pp. 1433–1444, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. R. Rodman, C. G. Gross, and T. D. Albright, “Afferent basis of visual response properties in area MT of the macaque. I. Effects of striate cortex removal,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 2033–2050, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Girard, P. A. Salin, and J. Bullier, “Response selectivity of neurons in area MT of the macaque monkey during reversible inactivation of area V1,” Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 1437–1446, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Weiskrantz, “Blindsight revisited,” Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 215–220, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. G. P. Rosa, R. Tweedale, and G. N. Elston, “Visual responses of neurons in the middle temporal area of new world monkeys after lesions of striate cortex,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 20, no. 14, pp. 5552–5563, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Talairach and P. Tournoux, Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain?Georg Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany, 1988.
  14. K. J. Friston, A. P. Holmes, K. J. Worsley, J. P. Poline, C. D. Frith, and R. S. J. Frackowiak, “Statistical parametric maps in functional imaging: a general linear approach,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 189–210, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. J. Basser and C. Pierpaoli, “Microstructural and physiological features of tissues elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI,” Journal of Magnetic Resonance B, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 209–219, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. E. Conturo, N. F. Lori, T. S. Cull et al., “Tracking neuronal fiber pathways in the living human brain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 96, no. 18, pp. 10422–10427, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. J. Werring, P. A. Brex, I. F. Moseley et al., “Recovery from optic neuritis is associated with a change in the distribution of cerebral response to visual stimulation: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 441–449, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Levin, T. Orlov, S. Dotan, and E. Zohary, “Normal and abnormal fMRI activation patterns in the visual cortex after recovery from optic neuritis,” NeuroImage, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 1161–1168, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Korsholm, K. H. Madsen, J. L. Frederiksen, A. Skimminge, and T. E. Lund, “Recovery from optic neuritis: an ROI-based analysis of LGN and visual cortical areas,” Brain, vol. 130, no. 5, pp. 1244–1253, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Jenkins, O. Ciccarelli, A. Toosy et al., “Dissecting structure-function interactions in acute optic neuritis to investigate neuroplasticity,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 276–286, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. D. G. Watson, R. Myers, R. S. J. Frackowiak et al., “Area V5 of the human brain: evidence from a combined study using positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging,” Cerebral Cortex, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 79–94, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. T. Born and D. C. Bradley, “Structure and function of visual area MT,” Annual Review of Neuroscience, vol. 28, pp. 157–189, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. G. Ungerleider and R. Desimone, “Cortical connections of visual area MT in the macaque,” Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 248, no. 2, pp. 190–222, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. J. Felleman and D. C. van Essen, “Distributed hierarchical processing in the primate cerebral cortex,” Cerebral Cortex, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–47, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. C. Sincich, K. F. Park, M. J. Wohlgemuth, and J. C. Horton, “Bypassing V1: a direct geniculate input to area MT,” Nature Neuroscience, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 1123–1128, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. A. Goodale and A. D. Milner, “Separate visual pathways for perception and action,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 20–25, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. Milner and M. A. Goodale, The Visual Brain in Action?Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1995.
  28. M. Goodale and D. Milner, “One brain—two visual systems,” Psychologist, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 660–663, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. D. Milner and M. A. Goodale, “Two visual systems re-viewed,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 774–785, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. V. Porciatti and F. Sartucci, “Retinal and cortical evoked responses to chromatic contrast stimuli. Specific losses in both eyes of patients with multiple sclerosis and unilateral optic neuritis,” Brain, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 723–740, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. Evangelou, D. Konz, M. M. Esiri, S. Smith, J. Palace, and P. M. Matthews, “Size-selective neuronal changes in the anterior optic pathways suggest a differential susceptibility to injury in multiple sclerosis,” Brain, vol. 124, no. 9, pp. 1813–1820, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Chapman, R. Hoag, and D. Giaschi, “The effect of disrupting the human magnocellular pathway on global motion perception,” Vision Research, vol. 44, no. 22, pp. 2551–2557, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. R. Alexander, A. S. Rajagopalan, W. Seiple, V. M. Zemon, and G. A. Fishman, “Contrast response properties of magnocellular and parvocellular pathways in retinitis pigmentosa assessed by the visual evoked potential,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 2967–2973, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. S. J. Liu, R. N. Bryan, A. Miki, J. H. Woo, G. T. Liu, and M. A. Elliott, “Magnocellular and parvocellular visual pathways have different blood oxygen level-dependent signal time courses in human primary visual cortex,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1628–1634, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus