Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 4801474, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4801474
Review Article

Calcium Apatite Deposition Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, UT Health, Houston, TX, USA

Received 28 September 2016; Accepted 24 October 2016

Academic Editor: Ali Guermazi

Copyright © 2016 Nicholas M. Beckmann. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Sakamoto and K. Kozuki, “Calcific tendinitis at the biceps brachii insertion of a child: a case report,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 88–91, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. K. G. Louwerens, I. N. Sierevelt, R. P. van Hove, M. P. J. van den Bekerom, and A. van Noort, “Prevalence of calcific deposits within the rotator cuff tendons in adults with and without subacromial pain syndrome: clinical and radiologic analysis of 1219 patients,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1588–1593, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. K. Kim and E. S. Park, “Acute calcium deposits in the hand and wrist; Comparison of acute calcium peritendinitis and acute calcium periarthritis,” Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 436–439, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. W. Garner and J. L. Whalen, “Acute calcific tendinosis of the flexor hallucis brevis: case report,” Foot and Ankle International, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1451–1455, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. A. Garayoa, L. M. Romero-Muñoz, and J. Pons-Villanueva, “Acute compartment syndrome of the forearm caused by calcific tendinitis of the distal biceps,” Musculoskeletal Surgery, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 137–139, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Yasen, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the flexor carpi ulnaris causing acute compressive neuropathy of the ulnar nerve: a case report,” Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 414–416, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. A. Dieppe, P. Crocker, E. C. Huskisson, and D. A. Willoughby, “Apatite deposition disease. a new arthropathy,” The Lancet, vol. 307, no. 7954, pp. 266–269, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Gartner and B. Simons, “Analysis of calcific deposits in calcifying tendinitis,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 254, pp. 111–120, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Hamada, W. Ono, K. Tamai, K. Saotome, and T. Hoshino, “Analysis of calcium deposits in calcific periarthritis,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 809–813, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Hamada, K. Tamai, W. Ono, and K. Saotome, “Does the nature of deposited basic calcium phosphate crystals determine clinical course in calcific periarthritis of the shoulder?” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 326–332, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. A. Codman, The Shoulder: Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon and Other Lesions in or About the Subacromial Bursa, Thomas Todd, Boston, Mass, USA, 1934.
  12. H. L. McLaughlin, “Lesions of the musculotendinous cuff of the shoulder: iii. observations on the pathology, course and treatment of calcific deposits,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 354–362, 1946. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. H. K. Uhthoff, K. Sarkar, and J. A. Maynard, “Calcifying tendinitis. A new concept of its pathogenesis,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 118, pp. 164–168, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. K. Lippmann, “Observations concerning the calcific cuff deposit,” Clinical Orthopaedics, vol. 20, pp. 49–60, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. K. Uhthoff and J. W. Loebr, “Calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management,” Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 183–191, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. G. R. Ebenbichler, C. B. Erdogmus, K. L. Resch et al., “Ultrasound therapy for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 340, no. 20, pp. 1533–1538, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Harvie, T. C. B. Pollard, and A. J. Carr, “Calcific tendinitis: natural history and association with endocrine disorders,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 169–173, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. S. Cho, B. G. Lee, and Y. G. Rhee, “Radiologic course of the calcific deposits in calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: does the initial radiologic aspect affect the final results?” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 267–272, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S.-M. Park, J.-H. Baek, Y.-B. Ko, H.-J. Lee, K. J. Park, and Y.-C. Ha, “Management of acute calcific tendinitis around the hip joint,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 2659–2665, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. P. S. Sengar, R. J. McKendry, and H. K. Uhthoff, “Increased frequency of HLA-A1 in calcifying tendinitis,” Tissue Antigens, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 173–174, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. E. Mavrikakis, S. Drimis, D. A. Kontoyannis, A. Rasidakis, E. S. Moulopoulou, and S. Kontoyannis, “Calcific shoulder periarthritis (tendinitis) in adult onset diabetes mellitus: a controlled study,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 211–214, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. K. Kim and E. S. Park, “Acute calcium deposits in the hand and wrist; comparison of acute calcium peritendinitis and acute calcium periarthritis,” Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 436–439, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. R. Singh and K. Yip, “Gluteus maximus calcific tendonosis: a rare cause of sciatic pain,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 165–167, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Ring, A. R. Vaccaro, G. Scuderi, M. N. Pathria, and S. R. Garfin, “Acute calcific retropharyngeal tendinitis. Clinical presentation and pathological characterization,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 76, no. 11, pp. 1636–1642, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. H. Zibis, D. Giannis, K. N. Malizos, P. Kitsioulis, and D. L. Arvanitis, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle: case report and review of the literature,” European Spine Journal, vol. 22, supplement 3, pp. S434–S438, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. T. Chung, R. Rebello, and E. E. Gooden, “Retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis: case report and review of literature,” Emergency Radiology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 375–380, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. N. C. Paik, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the gluteus medius: an uncommon source for back, buttock, and thigh pain,” Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 824–829, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. F. DePalma and J. S. Kruper, “Long-term study of shoulder joints afflicted with and treated for calcific tendinitis,” Clinical Orthopaedics, vol. 20, pp. 61–72, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Gong, C. Yang, W. Jingyu, J. Liu, and X. Qi, “Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon with sciatic pain,” European Journal of Radiology Extra, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. e59–e60, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H.-J. Chiou, Y.-H. Chou, J.-J. Wu et al., “The role of high-resolution ultrasonography in management of calcific tendonitis of the rotator cuff,” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 735–743, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. Le Goff, J.-M. Berthelot, P. Guillot, J. Glémarec, and Y. Maugars, “Assessment of calcific tendonitis of rotator cuff by ultrasonography: comparison between symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulders,” Joint Bone Spine, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 258–263, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. I. Yang, C. W. Hayes, and J. S. Biermann, “Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus medius tendon with bone marrow edema mimicking metastatic disease,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 359–361, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Vogel-Claussen, W. Morrison, A. Zoga, D. Bergin, A. Gopez, and L. M. Fayad, “Calcific tendinosis: a potential mimicker of malignancy on PET,” Radiology Case Reports, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 38–41, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. D. J. Flemming, M. D. Murphey, K. M. Shekitka, H. T. Temple, J. J. Jelinek, and M. J. Kransdorf, “Osseous involvement in calcific tendinitis: a retrospective review of 50 cases,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 181, no. 4, pp. 965–972, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Y. Park, W. Jin, S. H. Lee, J. S. Park, D. M. Yang, and K. N. Ryu, “Acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis: a case report with unusual location of calcification,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 817–820, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. S. Boikov, B. Griffith, M. Stemer, and R. Jain, “Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis: an unusual location and presentation,” Archives of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 138, no. 7, pp. 676–679, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. G. Moon, N. R. Kim, J. W. Choi, and J. G. Yi, “Acute coccydynia related to precoccygeal calcific tendinitis,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 473–476, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. Horowitz, O. Ben-Ari, A. Brenner, D. M. Fliss, and O. Wasserzug, “Incidence of retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis (longus colli tendinitis) in the general population,” Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (United States), vol. 148, no. 6, pp. 955–958, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. C. Paik, C. S. Lim, and H. S. Jang, “Tendinitis of longus colli: computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical spectra of 9 cases,” Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 755–761, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Newmark III, C. S. Zee, P. Frankel, A. Robinson, L. Blau, and D. C. Gans, “Chronic calcific tendinitis of the neck,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 207–208, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. V. Sansone, O. Consonni, E. Maiorano, R. Meroni, and A. Goddi, “Calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff: the correlation between pain and imaging features in symptomatic and asymptomatic female shoulders,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 49–55, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. Clavert and F. Sirveaux, “Shoulder calcifying tendinitis,” Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 336–355, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Rochwerger, J. P. Franceschi, J. M. Viton, H. Roux, and J. P. Mattei, “Surgical management of calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: an analysis of 26 cases,” Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 313–316, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Y. F. Jim, H. C. Hsu, C. Y. Chang, J. J. Wu, and T. Chang, “Coexistence of calcific tendinitis and rotator cuff tear: an arthrographic study,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 183–185, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. S. Friedman, “Calcified tendinitis of the shoulder,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 56–61, 1957. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. P. H. Harmon, “Methods and results in the treatment of 2,580 painful shoulders,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 527–544, 1958. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. B. M. Bosworth, “Calcium deposits in the shoulder and subacromial bursitis,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 116, no. 22, pp. 2477–2482, 1941. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. G. L. Wolfgang, “Surgical repair of tears of the rotator cuff of the shoulder: factors influencing the result,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 14–26, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. H. L. McLaughlin and E. G. Asherman, “Lesions of the musculotendinous cuff of the shoulder. IV. Some observations based upon the results of surgical repair,” The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 76–86, 1951. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. J. Chiou, Y. H. Chou, J. J. Wu, and C. C. Hsu, “Evaluation of calcific tendonitis of the rotator cuff: role of color doppler ultrasonography,” Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 289–295, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  51. J.-H. Ji, M. Shafi, and W.-Y. Kim, “Calcific tendinitis of the biceps-labral complex: a rare cause of acute shoulder pain,” Acta Orthopaedica Belgica, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 401–404, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. K. C. Kim, K. J. Rhee, H. D. Shin, and Y. M. Kim, “A SLAP lesion associated with calcific tendinitis of the long head of the biceps brachii at its origin,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1478–1481, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. A. B. Goldman, “Calcific tendinitis of the long head of the biceps brachii distal to the glenohumeral joint: plain film radiographic findings,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 153, no. 5, pp. 1011–1016, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. S. Ikegawa, “Calcific tendinitis of the pectoralis major insertion: a report of two cases,” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 118–119, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. H. R. Dürr, A. Lienemann, H. Silbernagl, A. Nerlich, and H. J. Refior, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the pectoralis major insertion associated with cortical bone erosion,” European Radiology, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 1215–1217, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. M. T. El-Essawy and F. M. Vanhoenacker, “Calcific tendinopathy of the pectoralis major insertion with intracortical protrusion of calcification,” JBR-BTR, vol. 95, no. 6, p. 374, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  57. J. Cahir and A. Saifuddin, “Calcific tendonitis of pectoralis major: CT and MRI findings,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 234–238, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. J.-Y. Park, A. Gupta, and H.-K. Park, “Calcific tendinitis at the radial insertion of the biceps brachii: a case report,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. e19–e21, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. T. Murase, Y. Tsuyuguchi, N. Hidaka, and T. Doi, “Calcific tendinitis at the biceps insertion causing rotatory limitation of the forearm: a case report,” Journal of Hand Surgery, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 266–268, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. F. Jawad and A. S. M. Jawad, “Calcific periarthritis of the elbow presenting as acute tennis elbow,” Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 27–28, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. G. Yosipovitch and Z. Yosipovitch, “Acute calcific periarthritis of the hand and elbows in women. A study and review of the literature,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1533–1538, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. J. S. Shields, A. B. Chhabra, and M. E. Pannunzio, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the hand: 2 case reports involving the abductor pollicis brevis,” The American Journal of Orthopedics, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 605–607, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. A. Kheterpal, A. Zoga, and K. McClure, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the flexor pollicis longus in an 8-year-old boy,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1471–1475, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. W. R. Saleh, H. Yajima, and A. Nakanishi, “Acute carpal tunnel syndrome secondary to calcific tendinitis: case report,” Hand surgery: an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research: journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 197–200, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. M. Hakozaki, M. Iwabuchi, S. Konno, and S. Kikuchi, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the thumb in a child: a case report,” Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 841–844, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. U. Hansen and V. Battista, “Pediatric trigger finger from calcific tendonitis,” Journal of Hand Surgery, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1558–1559, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. N. Hottat, E. Fumière, and C. Delcour, “Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon: CT findings,” European Radiology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1104–1106, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. H. N. Choudur and P. L. Munk, “Image-guided corticosteroid injection of calcific tendonitis of gluteus maximus,” Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 176–178, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. O. Karakida, J. Aoki, F. Fujioka et al., “Radiological and anatomical investigation of calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon,” Nippon Acta Radiologica, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 483–487, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. M. J. Thornton, S. R. Harries, P. M. Hughes, R. Whitehouse, and S. Carradine, “Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon with abnormalities of cortical bone,” Clinical Radiology, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 296–301, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. Y. S. Kim, H. M. Lee, and J. P. Kim, “Acute calcific tendinitis of the rectus femoris associated with intraosseous involvement: a case report with serial CT and MRI findings,” European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, vol. 23, S2, pp. S233–S239, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. R. Zini, M. Panasci, R. Papalia, F. Franceschi, S. Vasta, and V. Denaro, “Rectus femoris tendon calcification: arthroscopic excision in 6 top amateur athletes,” Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 2, no. 12, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  73. A. G. Fam, K. P. H. Pritzker, J. L. Stein, J. B. Houpt, and A. H. Little, “Apatite-associated arthropathy: a clinical study of 14 cases and of 2 patients with calcific bursitis,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 461–471, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. L. Pierannunzii, F. Tramontana, and M. Gallazzi, “Case report: calcific tendinitis of the rectus femoris: a rare cause of snapping hip,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 468, no. 10, pp. 2814–2818, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. U. Kandemir, S. Bharam, M. J. Philippon, and F. H. Fu, “Endoscopic treatment of calcific tendinitis of gluteus medius and minimus,” Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery: official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association, vol. 19, no. 1, p. E4, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. R. Crevenna, M. Keilani, G. Wiesinger, P. Nicolakis, M. Quittan, and V. Fialka-Moser, “Calcific trochanteric bursitis: resolution of calcifications and clinical remission with non-invasive treatment. a case report,” Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, vol. 114, no. 8-9, pp. 345–348, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. D. Zajonz, M. Moche, S. Tiepold, G. Von Salis-Soglio, and M. Pretzsch, “Acute hip pseudoparalysis with calcific tendinitis at the insertion of the psoas muscle: case report and first description of an atypical location,” Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 178–183, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  78. J.-B. Arlet, H. André, C. Mutschler, S. Dupeux, and J. Pouchot, “Unusual acute crystal-induced hip arthritis: hydroxyapatite deposition of the round ligament,” Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 483–484, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  79. H. Kuroda, Y. Wada, K. Nishiguchi et al., “A case of probable hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HADD) of the Hip,” Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 141–144, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  80. C. L. Jimenez, M. J. Beebe, T. G. Maak, and S. K. Aoki, “Acute severe hip pain associated with labral calcific deposition disease,” Orthopedics, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. e1137–e1140, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. P. D. Holt and T. E. Keats, “Calcific tendinitis: a review of the usual and unusual,” Skeletal Radiology, vol. 22, no. 1, 9 pages, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. Y. Iguchi, N. Ihara, A. Hijioka et al., “Calcifying tendonitis of the gastrocnemius. A report of three cases,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 431–432, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  83. W. J. White, K. M. Sarraf, and P. Schranz, “Acute calcific deposition in the lateral collateral ligament of the knee,” Journal of Knee Surgery, vol. 26, supplement 1, pp. S116–S119, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  84. H. L. Mansfield and A. Trezies, “Calcific tendonitis of the medial collateral ligament,” Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 26, no. 7, p. 543, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  85. P. M. Shenoy, D. H. Kim, K. H. Wang et al., “Calcific tendinitis of popliteus tendon: arthroscopic excision and biopsy,” Orthopedics, vol. 32, no. 2, p. 127, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  86. A. Tsujii, Y. Tanaka, Y. Yonetani, R. Iuchi, Y. Shiozaki, and S. Horibe, “Symptomatic calcification of the anterior cruciate ligament: a case report,” Knee, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 223–225, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  87. K. Song, J. Dong, Y. Zhang et al., “Arthroscopic management of calcific tendonitis of the medial collateral ligament,” Knee, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. T. D. Tennent and V. K. Goradia, “Arthroscopic management of calcific tendinitis of the popliteus tendon,” Arthroscopy, vol. 19, no. 4, p. E35, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  89. S. G. Abram, A. D. Sharma, and C. Arvind, “Atraumatic quadriceps tendon tear associated with calcific tendonitis,” BMJ Case Reports, vol. 27, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  90. L. M. Lehmer and B. D. Ragsdale, “Calcific periarthritis: more than a shoulder problem. A series of fifteen cases,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 94, no. 21, Article ID e157-1-6, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  91. G. Klammer, L. D. Iselin, H. M. Bonel, and M. Weber, “Calcific tendinitis of the peroneus longus: case report,” Foot and Ankle International, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 638–640, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  92. L. Harries, S. Kempson, and R. Watura, “Calcific tendonitis of the tibialis posterior tendon at the navicular attachment,” Journal of Radiology Case Reports, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 25–30, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. J. K. G. Louwerens, I. N. Sierevelt, A. van Noort, and M. P. J. van den Bekerom, “Evidence for minimally invasive therapies in the management of chronic calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1240–1249, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  94. Y. Kim, H. Lee, Y. Kim, and C. Kong, “Prospective randomized comparison between ultrasound-guided needling and extracorporeal shock wave therapy,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1640–1646, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  95. K. N. Vignesh, A. McDowal, N. Simunovic, M. Bhandari, and H. N. Choudur, “Efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle treatment of calcific tendinitis,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 204, no. 1, pp. 148–152, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  96. J. Jerosch, J. M. Strauss, and S. Schmiel, “Arthroscopic treatment of calcific tendinitis of the shoulder,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 30–37, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  97. R. Seijas, O. Ares, P. Alvarez, X. Cusco, M. Garcia-Balletbo, and R. Cugat, “Platelet-rich plasma for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: a case report,” Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 126–130, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus