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Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2018, Article ID 6709525, 13 pages
Research Article

MRI-Based Quantification of Magnetic Susceptibility in Gel Phantoms: Assessment of Measurement and Calculation Accuracy

Department of Medical Radiation Physics, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital Lund, 22185 Lund, Sweden

Correspondence should be addressed to Ronnie Wirestam; es.ul.dem@matseriw.einnor

Received 23 May 2018; Accepted 5 July 2018; Published 30 July 2018

Academic Editor: Paul Sijens

Copyright © 2018 Emma Olsson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The local magnetic field inside and around an object in a magnetic resonance imaging unit depends on the magnetic susceptibility of the object being magnetized, in combination with its geometry/orientation. Magnetic susceptibility can thus be exploited as a source of tissue contrast, and susceptibility imaging may also become a useful tool in contrast agent quantification and for assessment of venous oxygen saturation levels. In this study, the accuracy of an established procedure for quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) was investigated. Three gel phantoms were constructed with cylinders of varying susceptibility and geometry. Experimental results were compared with simulated and analytically calculated data. An expected linear relationship between estimated susceptibility and concentration of contrast agent was observed. Less accurate QSM-based susceptibility values were observed for cylindrical objects at angles, relative to the main magnetic field, that were close to or larger than the magic angle. Results generally improved for large objects/high spatial resolution and large volume coverage. For simulated phase maps, accurate susceptibility quantification by QSM was achieved also for more challenging geometries. The investigated QSM algorithm was generally robust to changes in measurement and calculation parameters, but experimental phase data of sufficient quality may be difficult to obtain in certain geometries.