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Sarcoma
Volume 2011, Article ID 274281, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/274281
Review Article

Chondrosarcoma of the Mobile Spine and Sacrum

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6700 West Loop South, Suite 110, Bellaire, TX 77401, USA

Received 28 September 2010; Accepted 10 December 2010

Academic Editor: Charles Scoggins

Copyright © 2011 Ryan M. Stuckey and Rex A. W. Marco. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of bone. This family of tumors can be primary malignant tumors or a secondary malignant transformation of an underlying benign cartilage tumor. Pain is often the initial presenting complaint when chondrosarcoma involves the spine. In the mobile spine, chondrosarcoma commonly presents within the vertebral body and shows a predilection for the thoracic spine. Due to the resistance of chondrosarcoma to both radiation and chemotherapy, treatment is focused on surgery. With en bloc excision of chondrosarcoma of the mobile spine and sacrum patients can have local recurrence rates as low as 20%.