Sarcoma / 2015 / Article / Fig 4

Review Article

Rhabdomyosarcoma: Advances in Molecular and Cellular Biology

Figure 4

The DNA repair systems in RMS. There are two pathways repairing the DNA lesions, directly without affecting DNA structure and indirectly by DNA phosphodiester backbone cleavage. The modifications in DNA repair enzymes expression or activity lead to resistance to chemotherapy and radiation in RMS tumor cells. MGMT, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase; BER, base excision repair; NER, nucleotide excision repair; HR, homologous recombination; NHEJ, nonhomologous end-joining; MMEJ, microhomology-mediated end-joining.