Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scanning
Volume 2018, Article ID 5736742, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5736742
Research Article

Structural and Kinetic Hydrogen Sorption Properties of Zr0.8Ti0.2Co Alloy Prepared by Ball Milling

1Science and Technology on Surface Physics and Chemistry Laboratory, P.O. Box 9072-35, Mianyang 621908, China
2Institute of Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P.O. Box 9071-12, Mianyang 621907, China
3State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Huaqin Kou; moc.621@niqauhuok and Wenhua Luo; nc.peac@auhnewoul

Received 27 October 2017; Revised 31 December 2017; Accepted 14 January 2018; Published 12 March 2018

Academic Editor: Huaijun Lin

Copyright © 2018 Hui He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Lund, “Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development,” Energy, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 912–919, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Ongena, R. Koch, R. Wolf, and H. Zohm, “Magnetic-confinement fusion,” Nature Physics, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 398–410, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Clery, “Private fusion machines aim to beat massive global effort,” Science, vol. 356, no. 6336, pp. 360-361, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. Wayt Gibbs, “Fusion reactor fuels up with bomb ingredient,” Science, vol. 354, no. 6313, pp. 690-691, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Holtkamp, “An overview of the ITER project,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 82, no. 5–14, pp. 427–434, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Glugla, R. Lässer, L. Dörr, D. K. Murdoch, R. Haange, and H. Yoshida, “The inner deuterium/tritium fuel cycle of ITER,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 69, no. 1-4, pp. 39–43, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Bhattacharyya and S. Mohan, “Solid state storage of hydrogen and its isotopes: an engineering overview,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 41, pp. 872–883, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Schlapbach and A. Züttel, “Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6861, pp. 353–358, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Glugla, D. K. Murdoch, A. Antipenkov et al., “ITER fuel cycle R&D: Consequences for the design,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 81, pp. 733–744, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  10. Z. Zhu, B. Nie, and D. Chen, “A system dynamics model for tritium cycle of pulsed fusion reactor,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 118, pp. 5–10, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Wang, R. Li, C. Ding et al., “Recent progress on the hydrogen storage properties of ZrCo-based alloys applied in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER),” Progress in Natural Science: Materials International, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 58–65, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R.-D. Penzhorn, M. devillers, and M. Sirch, “Evaluation of ZrCo and other getters for tritium handling and storage,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 170, no. 3, pp. 217–231, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. A. Jat, S. C. Parida, J. Nuwad, R. Agarwal, and S. G. Kulkarni, “Hydrogen sorption-desorption studies on ZrCo-hydrogen system,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Devillers, M. Sirch, S. Bredendiek-Kämper, and R.-D. Penzhorn, “Characterization of the ZrCo-hydrogen system in view of its use for tritium storage,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 255–262, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Konishi, T. Nagasaki, and K. Okuno, “Reversible disproportionation of ZrCo under high temperature and hydrogen pressure,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 223, no. 3, pp. 294–299, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Bekris, U. Besserer, M. Sirch, and R.-D. Penzhorn, “On the thermal stability of the zirconium/cobalt-hydrogen system,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 49-50, pp. 781–789, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Shim, H. Chung, S. Cho, and H. Yoshid, “Disproportionation characteristics of a zirconium-cobalt hydride bed under iter operating conditions,” Fusion Science and Technology, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 830–840, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Hara, R. Hayakawa, Y. Kaneko, and K. Watanabe, “Hydrogen-induced disproportionation of Zr2M (M = Fe, Co, Ni) and reproportionation,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 352, no. 1-2, pp. 218–225, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Devillers, M. Sirch, and R.-D. Penzhorn, “Hydrogen-induced disproportionation of the intermetallic compound ZrCo,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 631–639, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Hara, T. Okabe, K. Mori, and K. Watanabe, “Kinetics and mechanism of hydrogen-induced disproportionation of ZrCo,” Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 49-50, pp. 831–838, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. Bekris and M. Sirch, “On the mechanism of the disproportionate of ZrCo hydrides,” Fusion Science and Technology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 50–55, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. A. Jat, R. Singh, S. C. Parida et al., “Structural and hydrogen isotope storage properties of Zr-Co-Fe alloy,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 15, pp. 5135–5143, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. A. Jat, S. C. Parida, R. Agarwal, and S. G. Kulkarni, “Effect of Ni content on the hydrogen storage behavior of ZrCo 1-xNix alloys,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 1490–1500, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Wan, R. Li, F. Wang, C. Ding, R. Yu, and Y. Wu, “Effect of Ni substitution on hydrogen storage properties of Zr0.8Ti0.2Co1-xNix (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) alloys,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 41, no. 18, pp. 7408–7418, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Z. Huang, X. Liu, L. Jiang, and S. Wang, “Hydrogen storage properties of Zr1-xTixCo intermetallic compound,” Rare Metals, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 200–203, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Zhao, R. Li, R. Tang et al., “Effect of Ti substitution on hydrogen storage properties of Zr 1-xTixCo (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) alloys,” Journal of Energy Chemistry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 9–14, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. A. Jat, S. Pati, S. C. Parida, R. Agarwal, and S. K. Mukerjee, “Synthesis, characterization and hydrogen isotope storage properties of Zr–Ti–Co ternary alloys,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 2248–2256, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Zhang, G. Sang, R. Xiong, H. Kou, K. Liu, and W. Luo, “Effects and mechanism of Ti, Ni, Sc, Fe substitution on the thermal stability of zirconium cobalt-hydrogen system,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 20, pp. 6582–6593, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Kou, G. Sang, W. Luo et al., “Comparative study of full-scale thin double-layered annulus beds loaded with ZrCo, Zr0.8Hf0.2Co and Zr0.8Ti0.2Co for recovery and delivery of hydrogen isotopes,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 34, pp. 10923–10933, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. A. Jat, R. Singh, S. Pati et al., “An analogy of interstitial site occupancy and hydrogen induced disproportionation of Zr1−xTixCo ternary alloys,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 8089–8097, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. T. Shmayda, A. G. Heics, and N. P. Kherani, “Comparison of uranium and zirconium cobalt for tritium storage,” Journal of the Less-Common Metals, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 117–127, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Yoo, W. Kim, and H. Ju, “A numerical comparison of hydrogen absorption behaviors of uranium and zirconium cobalt-based metal hydride beds,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 262, pp. 241–247, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Sen, S. Das, and K. Das, “Microstructural characterization of nanosized ceria powders by X-ray diffraction analysis,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1409–1417, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. Joseph and B. Schiavo, “Effects of ball-milling on the hydrogen sorption properties of LaNi5,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 480, no. 2, pp. 912–916, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Calka and D. Wexler, “Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6903, pp. 147–151, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. H. Enayati, G. R. Aryanpour, and A. Ebnonnasir, “Production of nanostructured WC-Co powder by ball milling,” International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 159–163, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. Batz, I. Jacob, M. H. Mintz, Z. Gavra, and J. Bloch, “The hydriding kinetics of massive ZrCo,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 325, no. 1-2, pp. 137–144, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. Bloch and M. H. Mintz, “Kinetics and mechanisms of metal hydrides formation - A review,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 253-254, pp. 529–541, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. H. Kou, W. Luo, Z. Huang et al., “Effects of temperature and hydrogen pressure on the activation behavior of ZrCo,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 41, no. 25, pp. 10811–10818, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Senna, P. Billik, A. Y. Yermakov et al., “Synthesis and magnetic properties of CuAlO2 from high-energy ball-milled Cu2O[sbnd]Al2O3 mixture,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 695, pp. 2314–2323, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y. Qi, X. Ju, C. Wan et al., “EXAFS and SAXS studies of ZrCo alloy doped with Hf, Sc and Ti atoms,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2931–2935, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. Aureli, C. C. Doumanidis, I. E. Gunduz et al., “Mechanics and energetics modeling of ball-milled metal foil and particle structures,” Acta Materialia, vol. 123, pp. 305–316, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. Rousselot, D. Guay, and L. Roué, “Comparative study on the structure and electrochemical hydriding properties of MgTi, Mg0.5Ni0.5Ti and MgTi0.5Ni 0.5 alloys prepared by high energy ball milling,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 3, pp. 1561–1568, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. D. Lee, I. Kwon, J.-L. Bobet, and M. Y. Song, “Effects on the H2-sorption properties of Mg of Co (with various sizes) and CoO addition by reactive grinding,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 366, no. 1-2, pp. 279–288, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. Ženíšek, E. Kozeschnik, J. Svoboda, and F. D. Fischer, “Modelling the role of compositional fluctuations in nucleation kinetics,” Acta Materialia, vol. 91, pp. 365–376, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. H. Zhang, R. Su, D. Chen, and L. Shi, “Thermal desorption behaviors of helium in Zr-Co films prepared by sputtering deposition method,” Vacuum, vol. 130, pp. 174–178, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S.-I. Orimo and H. Fujii, “Effects of nanometer-scale structure on hydriding properties of Mg-Ni alloys: A review,” Intermetallics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 185–192, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. Y. Zhang, W.-S. Zhang, M.-Q. Fan et al., “Enhanced hydrogen storage performance of LiBH4-SiO 2-TiF3 composite,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 10, pp. 4005–4010, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. Q. Li, L.-J. Jiang, K.-C. Chou et al., “Effect of hydrogen pressure on hydriding kinetics in the Mg 2-xAgxNi-H (x = 0.05, 0.1) system,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 399, no. 1-2, pp. 101–105, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. Emami, K. Edalati, J. Matsuda, E. Akiba, and Z. Horita, “Hydrogen storage performance of TiFe after processing by ball milling,” Acta Materialia, vol. 88, pp. 190–195, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. K. Edalati, J. Matsuda, M. Arita, T. Daio, E. Akiba, and Z. Horita, “Mechanism of activation of TiFe intermetallics for hydrogen storage by severe plastic deformation using high-pressure torsion,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 14, Article ID 143902, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. K. Edalati, M. Matsuo, H. Emami et al., “Impact of severe plastic deformation on microstructure and hydrogen storage of titanium-iron-manganese intermetallics,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 124, pp. 108–111, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus