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Schizophrenia Research and Treatment
Volume 2013, Article ID 353809, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/353809
Research Article

Correlates of Caregiver Burden among Family Members of Patients with Schizophrenia in Lagos, Nigeria

Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, 8 Harvey Road, PMB 2008, Lagos, Nigeria

Received 30 April 2013; Revised 13 August 2013; Accepted 14 August 2013

Academic Editor: Patrick W. Corrigan

Copyright © 2013 Increase Ibukun Adeosun. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Family members of patients with schizophrenia have enormous roles in the care of their patients, which could negatively impact their well being. Development of interventions targeted at alleviating the burden of informal care giving is hinged on the recognition of the factors associated with the various dimensions of burden. This study determined the correlates of caregiver burden among family members of patients with schizophrenia in Lagos, Nigeria. The study instruments included the Zarit burden interview (ZBI) and the positive and negative syndrome scale for schizophrenia (PANSS). Exploratory factor analysis of the ZBI produced a five-factor structure with “financial/physical strain”, “time/dependence strain”, “emotional strain”, “uncertainty”, and “self-criticism” domains. On multiple regression analyses, total PANSS scores, poor social support, and lower educational levels of caregivers were predictive of higher burden scores on the “financial/physical strain”, “time/dependence”, and “emotional strain” domains. Longer duration of illness, shorter patient-caregiver contact time, and being a female caregiver were predictive of higher burden scores on the “uncertainty”, “self-criticism”, and “emotional strain” domains, respectively. There is need for interventions to alleviate the burden on caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in Nigeria. These strategies must include comprehensive social support and improve access to services for patients and their caregivers.