Schizophrenia Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Factor Structure of Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: Is Empathy Preserved?

Table 1

Characteristics for demographic, functional, and clinical measures.

Patients Healthy Controls /Chi squareDegrees of freedom

Age (mean, SD)46.47 (8.22)39.79 (8.87)8.195(1, 52) 53<0.01
Gender ( , %)1.3441ns
 Male14 (46.7%)15 (62.5%)
 Female16 (53.3%)9 (37.5%)
Ethnicity ( , %)0.6271ns
 African-American17 (56.7%)11 (45.8%)
 Caucasian13 (43.3%)13 (54.2%)
Education years (mean, SD)13.13 (1.78)16.25 (2.54)28.065(1, 52) 53<0.01
Parental education years (mean, SD)*12.65 (5.11)14.26 (2.70)1.819(1, 47) 48ns
Age at illness onset (mean, SD)24. 27 (8.05)NA
Illness duration, in years (mean, SD)22.20 (10.30)NA
GAF (mean, SD)***52.15 (15.02)NA
Schizophrenia diagnosis ( , %)
 Paranoid17 (56.7%)NA
 Undifferentiated3 (10.0%)NA
 Schizoaffective13 (33.3%)NA
PANSS (mean, SD)
 Positive18.93 (6.52)NA
 Negative17.00 (6.10)NA
 General30.17 (10.02)NA
Chlorpromazine equivalents (md/day)654.03 (659.21)NA

Abbreviations: GAF: Global Assessment of Functioning; PANSS: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale.
*includes 26 patients and 23 healthy controls.
**includes 22 healthy controls.
***includes 26 patients.
includes 28 patients.

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