Schizophrenia Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Factor Structure of Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: Is Empathy Preserved?

Table 2

Social cognitive and neurocognitive measures.

Patients mean, SDHealthy controls mean, SD valueDegrees of freedom

Neurocognition
 Neurocognitive MCCB 39.58 (7.17)52.05 (8.14)35.76(1, 52) 53<0.01
Emotional perception and processing
 Social Attribution (SAT-MC)11.70 (4.56)15.21 (3.23)10.13(1, 52) 53<0.01
 Emotion Recognition Test (BLERT)13.67 (3.48)16.46 (2.67)10.50(1, 52) 53<0.01
 Theory of Mind (The Hinting Task)16.80 (2.73)19.13 (0.68)16.48(1, 52) 53<0.01
Emotional Experience
 Self-Experience of Relatedness (BORRTI)
  Egocentricity59.77 (12.55) 44.88 (8.48) 24.72(1, 52) 53<0.01
  Alienation56.60 (10.15)43.00 (8.71)27.09 (1, 52) 53<0.01
 Empathy (IRI)
  Perspective Taking 16.13 (4.97)19.08 (4.02)5.54(1, 52) 53<0.05
  Fantasy 13.37 (6.71)13.79 (5.40)0.06(1, 52) 53ns
  Empathic Concern 18.53 (5.29)20.00 (4.85)1.10(1, 52) 53ns
  Personal Distress11.80 (4.64)9.21 (4.37)4.37(1, 52) 53<0.05
Social Functioning
 Functional Capacity (SSPA)62.00 (11.10)75.08 (8.07)23.41(1, 52) 53<0.01
 Emotional problem Solving (MSCEIT-ME)38.53 (13.59)50.21 (12.00)10.90(1, 52) 53<0.01
 Quality of Life Scale (QLS)61.07 (19.50)112.45 (13.97)110.81(1, 50) 51<0.01

Note: Social Cognitive Measures: SAT-MC: Social Attribution Task-Multiple Choice, correct score; BLERT: Bell-Lysaker Emotion Recognition Test, correct score; Hinting: The Hinting Task, total score; BORRTI Egocentricity: Bell Object Relations Reality Testing Inventory, Egocentricity subscale and Alienation subscale; IRI: Interpersonal Reactivity Index; Social Functioning: MSCEIT-ME: Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test-Managing Emotions Branch, scaled score; overall subscores; SSPA: Social Skills Performance Assessment, overall correct score; QLS: Quality of Life Scale.
*Patient and control group differences by two-sided one-way ANOVA.
Neurocognitive MCCB: Neurocognitive Composite Score of the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery: the overall neurocognitive composite score excludes the Social Cognition Index since it is a social cognition measure, based on the average of -scores of the six neurocognitive domains.

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