Schizophrenia Research and Treatment / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Metabolic Syndrome among Schizophrenic Patients: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study in the Middle Belt of Ghana

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of study participants.

SociodemographicsPsychotic-treatedTreatment-naïve2,dfp-value
n=236n=112

Age (years)36.0 (27.0 -45.0)32.5 (24.8 - 45.3)0.222
Age groups (years)6.5,30.091
< 40143(60.6)76(67.9)
40 – 4961(25.9)16(14.3)
50 – 5920(8.5)11(9.2)
≥ 6012(5.1)9(8.0)
Gender 0.647
Male115(48.7)58(52.0)
Female121(51.3)54(48.0)
Marital status10.4,30.015
Single139(58.9)56(50.0)
Married79(33.5)47(4.0)
Divorced14(5.9)2(1.8)
Widowed4(1.7)7(6.2)
Employment status0.60,20.740
Unemployment131(55.5)65(58.0)
Employment99(41.9)43(38.3)
Student6(2.5)4(3.6)
Educational level10.0,40.040
Primary12(5.1)11(9.8)
JHS107(45.3)56(50.0)
SHS59(25.0)18(16.1)
Tertiary50(21.2)18(16.1)
None8(3.4)9(8.0)
Family history of Psychotic illness0.206
Yes73(30.9)27(24.1)
No163(69.1)85(75.9)
History of alcohol and smoking3.2,30.365
Alcohol20(8.5)9(8.0)
Smoking6(2.5)0(0.0)
Alcohol and smoking22(9.3)9(8.0)
None188(79.7)94(84.0)
Duration of Treatment
< 3 months23(9.8)
3 -8 months44(18.6)
9 – 12 months48(20.3)
>12 months121(51.3)

df: degree of freedom; χ2: chi-square; n: frequency; JHS: Junior High School; SHS: Senior High School; EPS: extrapyramidal symptoms; p<0.05 is statistically significant.

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