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Stem Cells International
Volume 2016, Article ID 4565612, 13 pages
Research Article

Evaluating the Impact of Human Amnion Epithelial Cells on Angiogenesis

1The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia
3Monash Microimaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia

Received 14 July 2015; Accepted 29 September 2015

Academic Editor: Peter J. Quesenberry

Copyright © 2016 Dandan Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) on angiogenesis remain controversial. It is yet unknown if the presence of inflammation and/or gestational age of hAEC donors have an impact on angiogenesis. In this study, we examined the differences between term and preterm hAECs on angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Conditioned media from term hAECs induced the formation of longer huVEC tubules on Matrigel. Both term and preterm hAECs expressed VEGFA, PDGFB, ANGPT1, and FOXC1, which significantly increased after TNFα and IFNγ stimulation. In the presence of TNFα and IFNγ, coculture with term hAECs reduced gene transcription of Tie-2 and Foxc1 in huVECs, while coculture with preterm hAECs increased gene transcription of PDGFRα and PDGFRβ and reduced gene transcription of FOXC1 in huVECs. In vivo assessment of angiogenesis using vWF immunostaining revealed that hAEC treatment decreased angiogenesis in a bleomycin model of lung fibrosis but increased angiogenesis in a neonatal model of hyperoxia-induced lung injury. In summary, our findings suggested that the impact of hAECs on angiogenesis may be influenced by the presence of inflammation and underlying pathology.