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Stem Cells International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5246584, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5246584
Research Article

Attachment, Growth, and Detachment of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Chemically Defined Medium

1Institute of Bioprocess Engineering and Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Applied Sciences Mittelhessen, 35390 Giessen, Germany
2Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, Justus Liebig University, 35390 Giessen, Germany
3Project Group Bioresources, Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME), 35394 Giessen, Germany
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA

Received 8 October 2015; Revised 18 January 2016; Accepted 26 January 2016

Academic Editor: Tao-Sheng Li

Copyright © 2016 Denise Salzig et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The manufacture of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) for clinical applications requires an appropriate growth surface and an optimized, preferably chemically defined medium (CDM) for expansion. We investigated a new protein/peptide-free CDM that supports the adhesion, growth, and detachment of an immortalized hMSC line (hMSC-TERT) as well as primary cells derived from bone marrow (bm-hMSCs) and adipose tissue (ad-hMSCs). We observed the rapid attachment and spreading of hMSC-TERT cells and ad-hMSCs in CDM concomitant with the expression of integrin and actin fibers. Cell spreading was promoted by coating the growth surface with collagen type IV and fibronectin. The growth of hMSC-TERT cells was similar in CDM and serum-containing medium whereas the lag phase of bm-hMSCs was prolonged in CDM. FGF-2 or surface coating with collagen type IV promoted the growth of bm-hMSCs, but laminin had no effect. All three cell types retained their trilineage differentiation capability in CDM and were detached by several enzymes (but not collagenase in the case of hMSC-TERT cells). The medium and coating did not affect detachment efficiency but influenced cell survival after detachment. CDM combined with cell-specific surface coatings and/or FGF-2 supplements is therefore as effective as serum-containing medium for the manufacture of different hMSC types.