Regulation of Osteogenic Differentiation of Placental-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Insulin-Like Growth Factors and Low Oxygen Tension
PMSC differentiation under low oxygen tension and its effect on osteogenic differentiation and multipotency. PMSCs were cultured for 14 days in nondifferentiation or osteogenic differentiation conditions containing 15% FBS in room air (20% O2) or low oxygen levels (1% O2). Treatments were stopped after 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14 days for alizarin red staining to confirm (a) PMSC differentiation morphology and quantified in (b) (two-way ANOVA, , ). indicates significance between room air and low oxygen tension at each time point; lowercase letter (a, b, and c) indicates significance between time points within room air condition, uppercase letter (A, B) indicates within low oxygen tension. (c) Immunoblots showing protein levels of pluripotency-associated and differentiation markers from cell lysates isolated at 3, 7, and 14 days. Quantifications of day 14 samples show protein levels for (d) OCT4, (e) SOX2, (f) RUNX2, and (g) OPN in nondifferentiation and differentiation conditions. Quantification levels shown were normalized to β-actin, a protein loading control (two-way ANOVA, , ). indicates significance between room air and low oxygen tension; # indicates significance between nondifferentiation and differentiation within the same oxygen tension.
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