Stem Cells International / 2017 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Regulation of Osteogenic Differentiation of Placental-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Insulin-Like Growth Factors and Low Oxygen Tension

Figure 5

Effect of oxygen tension and IGF-1 or IGF-2 on signaling downstream kinases of cell surface receptors during osteogenic differentiation. Similar to Figures 4 and 6, PMSCs were cultured for 14 days in osteogenic differentiation conditions containing 2% FBS in the presence or absence of 100 ng/mL of IGF-1 or IGF-2 in room air (20% O2) or low oxygen levels (1% O2). Treatments were stopped after 3, 7, and 14 days. Immunoblots, in Figure S, were used to quantify protein levels of (a) p-ERK1/2, (b) p-AKT, and (c) p-RUNX2 over the three days. These kinases/phosphoproteins were normalized to their total kinase/phosphoprotein level and β-actin (two-way ANOVA, , ). X indicates significance between different days without IGFs; # indicates significance of IGF addition compared with no IGFs in the same day; indicates significance between room air and low oxygen tension.
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