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Stem Cells International
Volume 2018, Article ID 7146384, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7146384
Research Article

Treatment of Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tendon Tear Using Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Polydeoxyribonucleotides in a Rabbit Model

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea
2Department and Research Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Sang Chul Lee; ca.shuy@omotretteb

Received 27 December 2017; Revised 29 March 2018; Accepted 11 April 2018; Published 15 May 2018

Academic Editor: Andrea Ballini

Copyright © 2018 Dong Rak Kwon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate regenerative effects of ultrasound- (US-) guided injection with human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) and/or polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injection in a chronic traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tendon tear (FTRCTT) in a rabbit model. Methods. Rabbits () were allocated into 4 groups. After a 5 mm sized FTRCTT just proximal to the insertion site on the subscapularis tendon was created by excision, the wound was immediately covered by a silicone tube to prevent natural healing. After 6 weeks, 4 injectants (0.2 mL normal saline, G1-SAL; 0.2 mL PDRN, G2-PDRN; 0.2 mL UCB-MSCs, G3-MSC; and 0.2 mL UCB-MSCs with 0.2 ml PDRN, G4-MSC + PDRN) were injected into the FTRCTT under US guidance. We evaluated gross morphologic changes on all rabbits after sacrifice. Masson’s trichrome, anti-type 1 collagen antibody, bromodeoxyuridine, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor, and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule stain were performed to evaluate histological changes. Motion analysis was also performed. Results. The gross morphologic mean tendon tear size in G3-MSC and G4-MSC + PDRN was significantly smaller than that in G1-SAL and G2-PDRN (). However, there were no significant differences in the tendon tear size between G3-MSC and G4-MSC + PDRN. In G4-MSC + PDRN, newly regenerated collagen type 1 fibers, proliferating cell activity, angiogenesis, walking distance, fast walking time, and mean walking speed were greater than those in the other three groups on histological examination and motion analysis. Conclusions. Coinjection of UCB-MSCs and PDRN was more effective than UCB-MSC injection alone in histological and motion analysis in a rabbit model of chronic traumatic FTRCTT. However, there was no significant difference in gross morphologic change of tendon tear between UCB-MSCs with/without PDRN injection. The results of this study regarding the combination of UCB-MSCs and PDRN are worth additional investigations.