Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scientifica
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 563869, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/563869
Research Article

Multivariate Analysis of Grain Yield and Its Attributing Traits in Different Maize Hybrids Grown under Heat and Drought Stress

1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
2Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
3Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan

Received 29 June 2015; Revised 18 October 2015; Accepted 8 November 2015

Academic Editor: Karl-Josef Dietz

Copyright © 2015 Fawad Ali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Ali, M. Ahsan, N. A. Saeed et al., “Establishment and optimization of callus-to-plant regeneration system using mature and immature embryos of maize (Zea mays L.),” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 111–117, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Q. Ali, A. Ali, M. Ahsan et al., “Line × Tester analysis for morpho-physiological traits of Zea mays L. seedlings,” Advancements in Life Sciences, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 242–253, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  3. F. Ali, N. Kanwal, M. Ahsan, Q. Ali, and N. K. Niazi, “Crop improvement through conventional and non-conventional breeding approaches for grain yield and quality traits in Zea mays L.,” Life Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 38–50, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  4. Q. Ali, M. Ahsan, F. Ali et al., “Heritability, heterosis and heterobeltiosis studies for morphological traits of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings,” Advanced Life Sciences, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 52–63, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  5. M. P. Laserna, G. A. Maddonni, and C. G. López, “Phenotypic variations between non-transgenic and transgenic maize hybrids,” Field Crops Research, vol. 134, pp. 175–184, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. K. Khorasani, K. Mostafavi, E. Zandipour, and A. Heidarian, “Multivariate analysis of agronomic traits of new corn hybrids (Zea mays L.),” International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 314–322, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  7. Q. Ali, M. Elahi, B. Hamayun, N. Hussain, and F. Ali, “Genetic improvement of maize (Zea mays L.) against drought stress: an overview,” Agricultural Science Research Journal, vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 228–237, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  8. Z. Berzsenyi, Q. Dang, G. Micskei, and N. Takács, “Effect of sowing date and N fertilisation on grain yield and photosynthetic rates in maize ( Zea mays L.),” Cereal Research Communications, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 409–412, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. S. Anapalli, L. Ma, D. C. Nielsen, M. F. Vigil, and L. R. Ahuja, “Simulating planting date effects on corn production using RZWQM and CERES-maize models,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 58–71, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Leipner, Y. Fracheboud, and P. Stamp, “Effect of growing season on the photosynthetic apparatus and leaf antioxidative defenses in two maize genotypes of different chilling tolerance,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 129–139, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Harrison, J. Michaelsen, C. Funk, and G. Husak, “Effects of temperature changes on maize production in Mozambique,” Climate Research, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 211–222, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. W. Stewart and L. M. Dwyer, “Mathematical characterization of leaf shape and area of maize hybrids,” Crop Science, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 422–427, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. G. Cirilo, J. Dardanelli, M. Balzarini et al., “Morpho-physiological traits associated with maize crop adaptations to environments differing in nitrogen availability,” Field Crops Research, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 116–124, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. SAS Institute, SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancement through Release 9.1, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2001.
  15. L. Ding, K. J. Wang, G. M. Jiang, M. Z. Liu, and L. M. Gao, “Photosynthetic rate and yield formation in different maize hybrids,” Biologia Plantarum, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 165–168, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Peykarestan and M. Seify, “Impact of sowing date on growth and yield attributes of Pop corngrown under different densities,” International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 85–91, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. A. Beiragi, B. A. S. Sar, H. S. Geive, M. N. Alhossini, A. Rahmani, and A. B. Gharibdoosti, “Application of the multivariate analysis method for some traits in maize,” African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 1524–1533, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. E. M. El-Badawy, “The relative contribution of yield components by using specific statistical techniques in corn,” Annals of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 44, pp. 899–909, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  19. M. E. M. El-Badawy and S. A. S. Mehasen, “Multivariate analysis for yield and its components in maize under zinc and nitrogen fertilization levels,” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 3008–3015, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Greenacre, Niplots in Practice, BBVA Foundation, Madrid, Spain, 2010, http://www.multivariatestatistics.org/.
  21. M. Filipović, M. Babić, N. Delić, G. Bekavac, and V. Babić, “Determination relevant breeding criteria by the path and factor analysis in maize,” Genetika, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 49–58, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Crossa, “Statistical analysis of multi-location trials,” Advances in Agronomy, vol. 44, pp. 55–85, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  23. K. Mostafavi, M. Shoahosseini, and H. S. Geive, “Multivariate analysis of variation among traits of corn hybrids traits under drought stress,” International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 416–422, 2011. View at Google Scholar