Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scientifica
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 601624, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/601624
Review Article

Tuberculosis of the Penis: A Review of the Literature

Department of Urology, North Manchester General Hospital, Delaunay’s Road, Manchester, UK

Received 15 June 2015; Revised 23 July 2015; Accepted 13 August 2015

Academic Editor: Maurizio Sanguinetti

Copyright © 2015 Anthony Kodzo-Grey Venyo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Baharoon, “Tuberculosis of the breast,” Annals of Thoracic Medicine, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 110–114, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. A. K. G. Venyo, L. K. G. Venyo, and A. N. Khan, “Tuberculosis of the breast: a review of the literature,” Journal of Medical Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 178–191, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  3. E. B. Handog, M. J. E. Macarayo, J. Rosen, and A. O. Ofori, “Cutaneous manifestations of tuberculosis,” UPToDate Release 21.8-C21.133 0602-194.176.105.1351-F8C2D9EBA2-3216387.14, 2013.
  4. World Health Organization, Global Facts, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2013, http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/tuberculosis/en/.
  5. D. K. Pal, A. K. Kundu, S. Chakraborty, and S. Das, “Tuberculosis of penis: report of two cases,” Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, vol. 43, pp. 203–204, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. K. Kar and M. Kar, “Primary tuberculosis of the glans penis,” Journal of Association of Physicians of India, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 52–53, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. P. Baveja, G. Vidyanidhi, M. Jain, T. Kumari, and V. K. Sharma, “Drug-resistant genital tuberculosis of the penis in a human immunodeficiency virus non-reactive individual,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 694–695, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. J. Angus, M. Yates, C. Conlon, and I. Byren, “Cutaneous tuberculosis of the penis and sexual transmission of tuberculosis confirmed by molecular typing,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. E132–134, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. KishanChand, A. P. Vilas, A. Chethan, and S. Prasad, “Primary tuberculosis of penis mimicking a malignant ulcer,” The Internet Journal of Dermatology, vol. 8, no. 1, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Ghorbani, M. Akbari, G. Alishiri, V. Pourfarziani, and M. Movahhed, “Primary tuberculosis of the penis in a renal transplant patient,” Iranian Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 95–98, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  11. G. S. Sekhon, M. M. Lal, and J. C. Dhall, “Tuberculosis of penis,” Journal of the Indian Medical Association, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 316–318, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Wilson, S. Goss, and F. Drobniewski, “Evaluation of strategies for molecular fingerprinting for use in the routine work of a mycobacterium reference unit,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 3385–3388, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. S. Penneys, C. L. Leonardi, S. Cook et al., “Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in five different types of cutaneous lesions by the polymerase chain reaction,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 129, no. 12, pp. 1594–1598, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Tuberculosis Tb Statistics/Global, regional, high burden & MDR, http://www.tbfacts.org/tb-statistics.html.
  15. Annual Meeting of the Childhood Tb Subgroup 11th, 2012, http://www.stoptb.org/.
  16. CDC/Tb/Data and Statistics, 2014, http://www.cdc.gov/tb/statistics/.
  17. S. A. Merchant, “Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system,” Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 275–286, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. C. Devine, G. H. Jordan, and S. M. Schlossberg, “Surgery of the penis and urethra,” in Campbell's Urology, P. C. Walsh, A. B. Retik, T. A. Stamey, and E. D. Vaughan, Eds., vol. 3, p. 2960, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 6th edition, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. S. Narayana, D. G. Kelly, and F. A. Duff, “Tuberculosis of the penis,” British Journal of Urology, vol. 48, no. 4, p. 274, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. L. Lewis, “Tuberculosis of the penis: a report of 5 cases, and a complete review of the literature,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 737–745, 1946. View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Agarwalla, G. P. Mohanty, L. K. Sahu, and R. C. Rath, “Tuberculosis of the penis: report of 2 cases,” Journal of Urology, vol. 124, no. 6, p. 927, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. R. Venkataramaiah, J. A. van Raalte, and S. N. Dutta, “Tuberculous ulcer of the penis,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 58, no. 675, pp. 59–60, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. W. Houston and G. J. Burke, “Tuberculosis of the penis,” British Journal of Urology, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 242–243, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Sofras, A. Kostakopoulos, D. Delakas, S. Legaki, and C. Dimopoulos, “Tuberculosis of the penis,” Acta Urologica Belgica, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 475–476, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. S. Baskin and S. Mee, “Tuberculosis of the penis presenting as a subcutaneous nodule,” Journal of Urology, vol. 141, no. 6, pp. 1430–1431, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. A. Burns and I. Sarkany, “Tuberculous ulceration of the penis,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 69, no. 12, pp. 883–884, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. K. Pal, “Erectile failure and destruction of glans penis by tuberculosis,” Tropical Doctor, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 178–179, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. C. Atalay and M. I. Karaman, “Distal penile gangrene in a patient with chronic renal failure,” International Journal of Urology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 431–432, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. J. Richards and D. Angus, “Possible sexual transmission of genitourinary tuberculosis [letter],” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 2, no. 5, p. 439, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  30. T. R. Murali and N. S. Raja, “Cavernosal cold abscess: a rare cause of impotence,” British Journal of Urology, vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 929–930, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. P. Sah, G. AshokRaj, and A. Joshi, “Primary tuberculosis of the glans penis,” Australasian Journal of Dermatology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 106–107, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. Rossi, F. Urbano, E. Tortoli, M. Trotta, G. Zuccati, and P. Cappugi, “Primary tuberculosis of the penis,” Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 174–176, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Kashima, K. Mori, T. Kadono, Y. Nakabayashi, E. Shibayama, and M. Mizoguchi, “Tuberculide of the penis without ulceration,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 140, no. 4, pp. 757–759, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Konohana, J. Noda, K. Shoji, and H. Hanyaku, “Primary tuberculosis of the glans penis,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1002–1003, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. P. J. de Caprariis, J. A. Giron, J. A. Goldstein, V. J. LaBombardi, J. J. Guarneri, and H. Laufer, “Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection and possibly venereal transmission,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 101, no. 5, p. 721, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. M. Dahl, D. Klein, and A. Morgentaler, “Penile mass caused by the newly described organism Mycobacterium celatum,” Urology, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 266–268, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. E. Holt, “Tuberculosis acquired through ritual circumcision,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 99–102, 1913. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. M. Gondzik and J. Jasiewicz, “Animal experiment concerning possibilities of tuberculous infection by coitus,” Zeitschrift fur Urologie und Nephrologie, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 911–914, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Gondzik and J. Jasiewicz, “Transmission of tuberculosis by sexual route in guinea pigs under experimental conditions,” Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis, vol. 25, pp. 502–521, 1979 (Polish). View at Google Scholar
  40. K. A. Septowitz, “How contagious is tuberculosis?” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 954–962, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. A. K. Khatri, A. Gautam, M. Kumar, and V. K. Shukla, “Tuberculous ulcer of the penis,” Indian Journal of Urology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 32–33, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Basiri, S. M. M. Hosseini Moghaddam, N. Simforoosh et al., “Preliminary report of a nationwide case-control study for identifying risk factors of tuberculosis following renal transplantation,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 3041–3044, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. J. L. Goens, R. A. Schwartz, and K. De Wolf, “Mucocutaneous manifestations of chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum and granuloma inguinale,” American Family Physician, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 415–423, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. Atasever, F. Bacakoglu, H. Toz et al., “Tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients on various immunosuppressive regimens,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 797–802, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus