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Scientifica
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3825645, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3825645
Research Article

Origin of Serum Affects Quality of Engineered Tissues Produced by the Self-Assembly Approach

1Centre LOEX de l’Université Laval, Génie Tissulaire et Régénération, Centre de Recherche FRQS du CHU de Québec, Axe Médecine Régénératrice, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1J 1Z4
2Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1J 1Z4
3Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1J 1Z4

Received 27 December 2015; Accepted 20 April 2016

Academic Editor: Timothy Wick

Copyright © 2016 Stéphane Chabaud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Despite the emergence of serum-free media for cell culture, the use of serum to supplement the culture media is still essential in order to produce engineered urologic tissues using the self-assembly approach, not only for the stromal compartment but also for the uroepithelium. Effects of sera on thickness of these two compartments were measured and quality of the epithelial differentiation was evaluated. For bladder mucosa substitute reconstruction, the use of postnatal sera failed to produce an adequate uroepithelium whereas the fetal sera supplementation did. Postnatal sera also provided thinner stromal compartments than the one obtained using fetal sera, no matter if the fibroblasts from healthy or psoriatic donors were used to reconstruct human skin substitutes.