Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scientifica
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4257081, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4257081
Research Article

Developmental Variation of Indian Thermophilic Variety of Scuttle Fly Megaselia (Megaselia) scalaris (Loew, 1866) (Diptera: Phoridae) on Different Substrates

Zoological Survey of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests (Government of India), M Block, New Alipore, Kolkata 700 053, India

Received 19 December 2015; Revised 27 March 2016; Accepted 5 April 2016

Academic Editor: Fabrizio Bruschi

Copyright © 2016 Abesh Chakraborty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. A. M. Mazyad and M. Soliman, “Biological and ecological studies on the myiasis producing larvae of Megaselia scalaris with special morphology by scanning electron microscopy,” Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 585–597, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Prawirodisastro and D. M. Benjamin, “Laboratory study on the biology and ecology of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae),” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 317–320, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Q. Acton, Issues on Ecological Research and Application, Scholarly Editions, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2013.
  4. N. Boonchu, K. Sukontason, K. L. Sukontason, T. Chaiwong, S. Piangjai, and R. C. Vogtsberger, “Observations on first and second-instar larvae of Megaselia scalaris (Loew) (Diptera: Phoridae),” Journal of Vector Ecology, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 79–83, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. H. L. Disney, “Natural history of the scuttle fly, Megaselia scalaris,” Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 53, pp. 39–60, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  6. W. Tumrasvin, S. Sucharit, and S. Vutikes, “Studies on the life history of Megaselia scalaris (loew) in Thailand,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 74–76, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. W. Koller, R. Andreotti, A. M. Zanon et al., Mosca Megaselia scalaris (Loew) (Diptera: Phoridae), Parasita do Carrapato Bovino Boophilus microplus (Canestrini): Uma Revisão, Embrapa Gado de Corte Documentos 142, Embrapa Gado de Corte, Campo Grande, Brazil, 2003.
  8. J. Costa, C. E. Almeida, G. M. Esperança et al., “First record of Megaselia scalaris (Loew) (Diptera: Phoridae) infesting laboratory colonies of Triatoma brasiliensis neiva (Hemiptera: Reduviidae),” Neotropical Entomology, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 987–989, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. de Gregorio and J. C. Leonide, “Un nouveau cas de phoride parasite d'Orthopteres adultes (Dipt.),” Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, vol. 85, pp. 103–105, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. A. Batista-Da-Silva, “Phoretic association and facultative parasitoidism between Megaselia scalaris and blowflies, under natural condition,” On Line Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 34–37, 1968. View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Ulloa and M. Hernandez, “Biología y control natural de Peridroma saucia, plaga de la flor de la curuba,” Revista Colombiana de Entomología, vol. 7, pp. 47–53, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  12. W. H. Robinson, “Old and new biologies of Megaselia (M.) scalaris (Diptera, Phoridae),” Studia Entomologica, vol. 14, pp. 321–348, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  13. R. D. Harrison and W. A. Gardner, “Parasitism of the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) by Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae),” Journal of Entomological Science, vol. 26, pp. 301–302, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  14. H. C. Arredondo-Bernal and J. Trujillo-Arriaga, “Primer report de Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) comoparasitoide de Macrodactylus murinus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae),” Vedalia, vol. 1, article 27, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. M. Zanon, Efeitos genéticos na variabilidade e fertilidade de Megaselia scalaris (Diptera, Phoridae), e sua influência em colônias de Apis mellifera [Ph.D. thesis], Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, Rio Claro, Brazil, 1991.
  16. R. Andreotti, W. W. Koller, W. J. Tadei et al., “Ocurrence of the Megaselia scalaris (Loew, 1866) (Diptera, Phoridae) as a parasitoid of Boophilus microplus in Campo Grande, MS, Brazi,” Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia, vol. 12, pp. 46–47, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. H. L. Disney, Scuttle Flies: The Phoridae, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1994.
  18. W. H. Robinson, “Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) associated with laboratory cockroach colonies,” Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol. 77, pp. 384–390, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  19. P. L. Miller, “Intraspecific phorid phoresy,” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, vol. 114, pp. 211–214, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  20. P. Zwart, R. H. L. Disney, P. de Batist et al., “The phorid ‘scuttle fly’ (Megaselia scalaris): a threat to zoological collections and especially to amphibians?” British Veterinary Zoological Society, vol. 5, pp. 27–30, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  21. F. Mainx, “The Genetics of Megaselia scalaris Loew (Phoridae): a new type of sex determination in diptera,” The American Naturalist, vol. 98, no. 903, pp. 415–430, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. J. D. Mandeville, “Rearing Phaenicia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on dry cat food with CSMA,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 197–198, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Foran, “Plasticity in fly growth,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1023–1033, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. K. Tomberlin and M. E. Benbow, Forensic Entomology: International Dimensions and Frontiers, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2015.
  25. L. C. Rueda, L. G. Ortega, N. A. Segura, V. M. Acero, and F. Bello, “Lucilia sericata strain from Colombia: experimental colonization, life tables and evaluation of two artificial diets of the blowfly Lucilia sericata (Meigen) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Bogotá, Colombia strain,” Biological Research, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 197–203, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. H. Byrd and J. L. Castner, Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigations, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition, 2009.
  27. A. M. Blystone and K. M. Hansen, “A comparison of common diets for the continuous culture of adult Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for forensic and medical entomological applications,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1296–1303, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  28. J. Amendt, C. P. Campobasso, E. Gaudry, C. Reiter, H. N. LeBlanc, and M. J. R. Hall, “Best practice in forensic entomology—standards and guidelines,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 90–104, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. M. Blystone, “Effects of Age, Diet, and Sex on the Gustatory and olfactory sensing capabilities of the forensically important blow fly, Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae),” pp. 1–50, 2015.
  30. K. Y. Mumcuoglu, A. Ingber, L. Gilead et al., “Maggot therapy for the treatment of intractable wounds,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 623–627, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Martelet, J. L. Perrot, B. Labeille et al., “Evaluation of maggot therapy for the treatment of intractable wounds: cost and efficacy,” Pharmacy World & Science, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 320, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  32. A. J. Lewis and M. E. Benbow, “When entomological evidence crawls away: phormia regina en masse larval dispersal,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 1112–1119, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. M. Tarone, C. J. Picard, C. Spiegelman, and D. R. Foran, “Population and temperature effects on Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) body size and minimum development time,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1062–1068, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. APHA (American Public Health Association), Standard Method for the Examination Water and Waste Water, APHA, American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, Wash, USA, 1989.
  35. D. C. Chen, W. A. Nazni, R. Ramli, C. H. M. Chia, and S. M. Azirun, “First study on the larval growth parameter and growth rate of a forensically important blow fly, Hypopygiopsis violacea (Macquart, 1835) (Diptera: Calliphoridae),” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology (IPCBEE '11), vol. 11, pp. 159–163, IACSIT Press, 2011.
  36. N. Millar, “Biology statistics made simple using excel,” School Science Review, vol. 83, no. 303, pp. 23–34, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  37. R. H. L. Disney, “Scuttle flies Diptera, Phoridae (except Megaselia),” Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1–81, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  38. G. I. Garris, “Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) infesting laboratory tick colonies,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 20, article 688, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  39. N. D. Karunaweera, R. L. Ihalamulla, and S. P. Kumarasinghe, “Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) can live on ripe bananas—a potential health hazard?” The Ceylon Medical Journal, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 9–10, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. K. A. Kneidel, “Patchiness, aggregation, and the coexistence of competitors for ephemeral resources,” Ecological Entomology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 441–448, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. L. Miller, W. D. Lord, M. L. Goff, B. Donnelly, E. T. McDonough, and J. C. Alexis, “Isolation of amitriptyline and nortriptyline from fly puparia (phoridae) and beetle exuviae (dermestidae) associated with mummified human remains,” Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1305–1313, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Oliva, “Insects of forensic interest in Buenos Aires (Argentina), addenda et corrigenda, 1. Phoridae (Diptera: Brachycera),” Physis (Buenos Aires), Sección C, vol. 60, pp. 43–50, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  43. R. J. Da Silva, A. P. Do Prado, R. R. Rodrigues, C. A. Lopes, and W. A. Godoy, “Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) causing myiasis in Crotalus durissus terrificus (Serpentes: Viperidae) in Brazil,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 36, no. 5, article 630, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. J. Trumple and R. L. Pienkowsky, “Developmental and survival of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) at selected temperatures and photoperiods,” in Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol. 81, pp. 207–210, 1979.
  45. E. V. Walter and G. P. Wene, “Tests of insecticides to control larvae of Euxesta stigmatias and Megaselia scalaris,” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 998–999, 1951. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar