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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 4659358, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4659358
Research Article

Studies on Liquefaction Time and Proteins Involved in the Improvement of Seminal Characteristics in Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius)

1National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner, Rajasthan 334 001, India
2Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional Station, Palampur 176 061, India
3Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
4Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi 110 001, India

Received 9 December 2015; Accepted 28 January 2016

Academic Editor: Jacek Kubiak

Copyright © 2016 Gorakh Mal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Semen was collected from six dromedary camels using artificial vagina during rutting season. Liquefaction of the viscous semen occurred in  h. During liquefaction, proteins with molecular masses of 24.55 kDa and 22.07 kDa appeared in conjunction with the disappearance of intact 26.00 kDa protein after 18–24 h. These proteins were identified as β-nerve growth factors (β-NGFs) in liquefied camel semen. Guanidine-HCL improves the rheological characteristics of dromedary camel semen along with significant () increase in sperm motility. No significant differences were found in viability of spermatozoa indicating no visible detrimental effects on spermatozoa. The cause of semen viscosity, as well as proteins that are present in liquefied dromedary camel seminal plasma, is described for the first time.