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Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4794318, 4 pages
Research Article

Serological Survey and Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Domestic Goats in Myanmar

1Department of Pharmacology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw 15013, Myanmar
2Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (Head Quarter), Nay Pyi Taw 15011, Myanmar
3Unit of Risk Analysis and Management, Research Centre for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan
4Nay Pyi Taw Development Committee, Nay Pyi Taw 15011, Myanmar
5Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon 11011, Myanmar
6Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50100, Thailand
7National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan
8Laboratory of Parasitology, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan

Received 5 December 2015; Accepted 18 January 2016

Academic Editor: Omar S. Harb

Copyright © 2016 Saw Bawm et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Goat farming is important for the livelihood of millions of rural people because it contributes to food security and creation of assets. However, infection of goats with Toxoplasma gondii could be a source of parasite transmission to humans. The information on T. gondii infection of goat was not reported yet in Myanmar. A total of 119 goat serum samples were collected from three cities in the central region of Myanmar for T. gondii antibody survey. With the occurrence value obtained in this first study, a second one, more complete, with larger number (162) of animals and properties, was carried out and the risk factors and prevalence were determined. In both studies the samples were analyzed by the LAT. Of these, 32 (11.4%) samples were showed to be positive. The infection was associated with the presence of cats at the farm (odds ratio [OR] = 4.66, 95% confidential interval [CI] = 1.03–21.06), farming with different animal species (sheep, cattle, and pigs) (OR = 4.33, 95% CI = 1.57–11.94), and farming without good management practices (OR = 0.23, 95% CI = 0.06–0.83). This is the first T. gondii prevalence study in goats in the country.