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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 5646052, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5646052
Research Article

Symptoms of Poststroke Depression among Stroke Survivors: An Appraisal of Psychiatry Needs and Care during Physiotherapy Rehabilitation

1Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences & Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu 40024, Nigeria
2German UNESCO Unit on Bioethics, Fakultat III-Medien, Information und Design, Hochschule Hannover-University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 30539 Hannover, Germany
3National Institute for Sports, Surulere, Lagos 101283, Nigeria
4Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences & Technology, College of Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki 5480214, Nigeria
5Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, New Haven, Enugu 400221, Nigeria

Received 21 December 2015; Revised 15 February 2016; Accepted 17 February 2016

Academic Editor: Mirko Diksic

Copyright © 2016 Sam Chidi Ibeneme et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To identify stroke survivors with symptoms of poststroke depression and the extent of psychiatry needs and care they have received while on physiotherapy rehabilitation. Participants. Fifty stroke survivors (22 females and 28 males) at the outpatient unit of Physiotherapy Department, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, who gave their informed consent, were randomly selected. Their age range and mean age were 26–66 years and years, respectively. Method. A multiple case study of 50 stroke survivors for symptoms of poststroke depression was done with Beck’s Depression Inventory, mini mental status examination tool, and Modified Motor Assessment Scale. The tests were performed independently by the participants except otherwise stated and scored on a scale of 0–6. Data were analyzed using -test for proportional significance and chi-square test for determining relationship between variables, at . Results. Twenty-one (42.0%) stroke survivors had symptoms of PSD, which was significantly dependent on duration of stroke ( = 21.680, df = 6, and ), yet none of the participants had a psychiatry review. Conclusions. Symptoms of PSD may be common in cold compared to new cases of stroke and may need psychiatry care while on physiotherapy rehabilitation.