Table 2: All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates1 per 100,000 population for low and high unemployment areas, United States, 1990–1992 and 2006–2010.

2006–20101990–1992
Low unemployment area (<3%)High unemployment area (≥9%)High/low unemploymentLow unemployment area (<3%)High unemployment area (≥9%)High/low unemployment
RateSERateSERate ratio95% CIRateSERateSERate ratio95% CI

All causes of death671.101.06834.140.871.241.24–1.25807.432.241031.031.161.281.27–1.28
  Males 25–64 (working age)283.521.21544.271.351.921.90–1.94371.242.86721.911.991.941.91–1.98
  Females 25–64 (working age)172.700.93313.061.001.811.79–1.83211.662.14368.141.361.741.70–1.78
 Cardiovascular diseases (CVD)208.590.59287.470.511.381.37–1.39347.761.49443.340.771.271.26–1.29
  Diseases of heart153.650.51226.160.451.471.46–1.48267.231.30357.020.691.341.32–1.35
  Hypertension6.050.1010.570.101.751.68–1.813.020.144.900.081.621.47–1.78
  Stroke39.010.2642.240.201.081.07–1.1059.790.6263.510.291.061.07–1.10
 All malignant cancers160.460.52181.340.411.131.12–1.14196.851.10225.620.541.151.13–1.16
  Oral cavity and pharynx1.940.062.710.051.401.30–1.502.640.133.790.071.441.29–1.58
  Digestive system38.350.2546.880.211.221.20–1.2446.460.5354.470.271.171.14–1.20
   Esophagus4.100.084.040.060.990.94–1.033.530.154.640.081.311.20–1.43
   Stomach2.730.074.630.071.701.60–1.794.640.176.940.091.501.38–1.61
   Colorectal14.880.1617.890.131.201.17–1.2323.040.3824.560.181.071.03–1.10
   Liver & intrahepatic bile duct4.340.086.830.081.571.51–1.643.190.144.240.071.331.21–1.45
   Pancreatic10.140.1311.010.101.091.05–1.129.740.2411.210.121.151.09–1.21
  Respiratory system44.380.2750.330.211.131.12–1.1550.910.5566.000.291.301.27–1.33
   Larynx0.800.041.500.041.881.67–2.081.070.082.040.051.911.61–2.20
   Lung and bronchus43.340.2748.550.211.121.10–1.1449.470.5563.450.281.281.25–1.31
  Melanoma of the skin3.020.072.180.040.720.68–0.762.670.132.230.050.840.75–0.92
  Breast21.280.2523.590.201.111.08–1.1432.480.5931.770.270.980.94–1.02
  Cervical1.540.073.370.082.191.97–2.412.520.174.940.111.961.69–2.23
  Uterine3.860.114.970.091.291.20–1.374.310.214.530.101.050.94–1.16
  Prostate21.440.3126.550.251.241.20–1.2839.230.8540.570.391.030.99–1.08
  Bladder4.200.084.060.060.970.92–1.014.310.164.310.071.000.92–1.08
  Kidney3.770.084.090.061.081.03–1.144.200.164.510.081.070.99–1.16
  Brain4.450.083.640.060.820.78–0.865.120.174.500.080.880.81–0.94
  Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma6.190.106.120.070.990.95–1.038.140.227.710.100.950.89–1.14
  Myeloma3.300.073.480.061.051.00–1.113.550.153.930.071.111.01–1.21
  Leukemia7.010.116.790.080.970.93–1.017.880.227.980.101.010.95–1.07
 Infectious diseases without HIV14.180.1522.730.141.601.56–1.6412.550.2817.320.151.381.32–1.44
  Tuberculosis0.100.010.330.023.302.54–4.060.310.041.390.044.483.32–5.65
  Septicemia9.340.1314.500.121.551.71–1.799.130.2411.070.121.211.14–1.28
 HIV/AIDS0.810.038.310.0910.269.48–11.044.730.1615.890.143.363.13–3.59
 Diabetes mellitus16.620.1729.160.161.751.71–1.7915.860.3125.980.181.641.57–1.70
 Alzheimer’s disease24.720.2119.750.140.800.78–0.826.960.215.000.080.720.67–0.77
 Pneumonia and influenza14.860.1620.890.141.411.37–1.4434.170.4738.540.231.131.09–1.16
 COPD36.960.2541.220.201.121.10–1.1333.050.4538.680.221.171.14–1.20
 Chronic liver disease & cirrhosis5.800.0911.410.101.971.90–2.045.840.1913.680.142.342.19–2.50
 Nephritis/kidney diseases13.670.1516.280.121.191.16–1.228.440.2311.660.121.381.30–1.46
 Unintentional injuries33.360.2343.290.201.301.28–1.3231.140.4346.620.241.501.45–1.54
 Suicide10.750.1310.430.100.970.94–1.0010.100.2412.320.121.221.16–1.28
 Homicide2.100.0610.890.105.194.88–5.493.270.1317.840.155.465.02–5.89

Mortality rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US population standard. The 2000 census county-level unemployment rates were used to compute mortality rates in 2006–2010, whereas the 1990 census unemployment rates were used to calculate mortality rates in 1990–1992.