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Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 9062430, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9062430
Review Article

Effectiveness of Laser Therapy in the Management of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A Systematic Review

1College & Hospital of Stomatology, Key Lab of Oral Diseases Research of Anhui Province, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
2The 2nd Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China
3The Hospital of Anhui Province, Hefei 230001, China

Received 10 July 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Umit Tursen

Copyright © 2016 Min Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Laser therapy is a promising new treatment for patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). However, the clinical effect and security issue of laser therapy remain controversial. This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and security of laser treatment in RAS patients. Methods. Five electronic databases were searched (MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, ScienceDirect, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) to identify all studies that were about randomized controlled clinical trials, involving the effect of laser therapy in RAS patients. Conclusion. Twenty-three studies were retained for full-text analysis after screening the titles and abstracts of potential articles, but only 10 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria after the full texts were reviewed. The included studies reported a comparison of the effectiveness between the laser treatment and placebo laser therapy (or conventional drug therapy) when managing the RAS patients. It can be concluded that laser therapy has the superiority in relieving ulcer pain and shortening healing time when compared with placebo group or medical treatment group. Although laser therapy is a promising effective treatment for RAS, high-quality clinical studies with large sample size must be further performed to confirm the effectiveness of this therapy.