Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scientifica
Volume 2016, Article ID 9795178, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9795178
Research Article

Chlorophyllin Bait Formulation and Exposure to Different Spectrum of Visible Light on the Reproduction of Infected/Uninfected Snail Lymnaea acuminata

Malacology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh 273009, India

Received 3 December 2015; Accepted 10 January 2016

Academic Editor: Pablo M. Vergara

Copyright © 2016 Navneet Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Mas-Coma, M. A. Valero, and M. D. Bargues, “Fasciola, lymnaeids and human fascioliasis, with a global overview on disease transmission, epidemiology, evolutionary genetics, molecular epidemiology and control,” Advances in Parasitology, vol. 69, pp. 41–146, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. A. Imani-Baran, M. Yakhchali, R. M. Viayeh, and R. Paktarmani, “Molecular study for detecting the prevalence of Fasciola gigantica in field-collected snails of Radix gedrosiana (Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae) in northwestern Iran,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 189, no. 2–4, pp. 374–377, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. A. Agarwal and D. K. Singh, “Harmful gastropods and their control,” Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 113–138, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. O. Singh and R. A. Agarwal, “Toxicity of certain pesticides to two economic species of snails in Northern India,” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 568–571, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. K. Singh, V. K. Singh, and P. Kumar, Pestiferous Gastropods and Their Control, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2012.
  6. A. Singh, D. K. Singh, T. N. Misra, and R. A. Agarwal, “Molluscicides of plant origin,” Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 205–252, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Hori, K. Shibuya, M. Sato, and Y. Saito, “Lethal effects of short-wavelength visible light on insects,” Scientific Reports, vol. 4, pp. 73–83, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Haim, U. Shanas, A. E. S. Zubidad, and M. Scantelbury, “Seasonality and seasons out of time—the thermoregulatory effects of light interference,” Chronobiology International, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. D. Frank, “Effects of artificial night lighting on moths,” in Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting, C. Rich and T. Longcore, Eds., pp. 305–344, Island Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  10. G. Eisenbeis, “Artificial night lighting and insects: attraction of insects to streetlamps in a rural setting in Germany,” in Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting, C. Rich and T. Longcore, Eds., pp. 281–304, Island Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. E. Witherington, “Behavioral responses of nesting sea turtles to artificial lighting,” Herpetologica, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 31–39, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. P. Tripathi, V. K. Singh, and D. K. Singh, “Behavioral responses of the snail Lymnaea acuminata towards photo and chemo attractants: a new step in control program of fasciolosis,” International Journal of Zoology, vol. 2013, Article ID 439276, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Wohllebe, R. Richter, P. Richter, and D.-P. Häder, “Photodynamic control of human pathogenic parasites in aquatic ecosystems using chlorophyllin and pheophorbid as photodynamic substances,” Parasitology Research, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 593–600, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Wohllebe, P. Richter, and D.-P. Häder, “Chlorophyllin for the control of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Fouquet),” Parasitology Research, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 729–733, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. S. Erzinger, S. Wohllebe, F. Vollrath et al., “Optimizing conditions for the use of chlorophyll derivatives for photodynamic control of parasites in aquatic ecosystems,” Parasitology Research, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 781–786, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. J. Singh and D. K. Singh, “Toxicity of chlorophyllin in different wavelengths of visible light against Fasciola gigantica larvae,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 144, pp. 57–60, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. P. Dalton, Fasciolosis, CAB International Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 1999.
  18. K. Sunita, P. Kumar, V. K. Singh, and D. K. Singh, “Larvicidal activity of azadirachtin against Fasciola larva,” The Ecoscan, vol. 4, pp. 189–194, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  19. H. A. Madsen, “A comparative study on the food-locating ability of Helisoma duryi, Biomphalaria camerunensis and Bulinus truncatus (Pulmonata: Planorbidae),” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 70–78, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Tiwari and D. K. Singh, “Behavioural responses of the snail Lymnaea acuminata to carbohydrates in snail-attractant pellets,” Naturwissenschaften, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 378–380, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. R. Sokal and F. J. Rohlf, Introduction to Biostatistics, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1973.
  22. A. Ter Maat, A. W. Pieneman, J. T. Goldschmeding, W. F. E. Smelik, and G. P. Ferguson, “Spontaneous and induced egg laying behavior of the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis,” Journal of Comparative Physiology A, vol. 164, no. 5, pp. 673–683, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. K. Srivastava, D. K. Singh, and V. K. Singh, “Influence of abiotic factor on anti-reproductive activity of bait containing papain in Lymnaea acuminata,” Annual Research & Review in Biology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 223–237, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. N. L. Wayne, “Regulation of seasonal reproduction in mollusks,” Journal of Biological Rhythms, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 391–402, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. V. Jigyasu and V. K. Singh, “Effect of environmental factors on the fecundity, hatchability and survival of snail Lymnaea (Radix) acuminata (Lamarck): vector of fascioliasis,” Journal of Water and Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 109–115, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Ter Maat, A. W. Pieneman, and J. M. Koene, “The effect of light on induced egg laying in the simultaneous hermaphrodite Lymnaea stagnalis,” Journal of Molluscan Studies, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 262–267, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. C. Lyons, O. Rawashdeh, and A. Eskin, “Non-ocular circadian oscillators and photoreceptors modulate long term memory formation in Aplysia,” Journal of Biological Rhythms, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 245–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. S. Baur Jr., A. M. Brown, T. D. Rogers, and M. E. Brower, “Lipochondria and the light response of Aplysia giant neurons,” Journal of Neurobiology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 19–42, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Gotow and T. Nishi, “A new photosensory function for simple photoreceptors, the intrinsically photoresponsive neurons of the sea slug Onchidium,” Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 3, article 18, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. Kumar and V. K. Singh, “Bait formulations of chlorophyllin against infected/uninfected Lymnaea acuminata in red and sunlight,” International Journal of Zoological Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 207–214, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. B. A. Heise, “Sensitivity of mayfly nymphs to red light: implications for behavioural ecology,” Freshwater Biology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 331–336, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. B. Bruce and M. Shardlow, A Review of the Impact of Artificial Light on Invertebrates, Buglife The Invertebrate Conservation Trust, Peterborough, UK, 2011.
  33. K. Singh and V. K. Singh, “Anti-reproductive activity of chlorophyllin on fresh water snail Lymnaea acuminata,” Research Journal of Parasitology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 160–166, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. D. Shuboni and L. Yan, “Nighttime dim light exposure alters the responses of the circadian system,” Neuroscience, vol. 170, no. 4, pp. 1172–1178, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. Hölker, C. Wolter, E. K. Perkin, and K. Tockner, “Light pollution as a biodiversity threat,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 681–682, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. C. DeRosa and R. J. Crutchley, “Photosensitized singlet oxygen and its applications,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, vol. 233-234, pp. 351–371, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Yin, T. Dai, P. Avci et al., “Light based anti-infectives: ultraviolet C irradiation, photodynamic therapy, blue light, and beyond,” Current Opinion in Pharmacology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 731–762, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus