Table 1: Major crops grown in Africa with their global area of cultivation, total production, and productivity. indicates the top 10 globally important crops in terms of total production. refers to finger millet, pearl millet, and proso millet and others. Source: [8, 9].

CropCenter of origin Area cultivated in Africa Total production in AfricaYield (t ha−1)
Common nameBotanical name(000′ ha)% of global(000′ tons)% of globalGlobalAfrica

Cereals
 BarleyHordeum vulgareEthiopia4,99710.16,0224.52.71.2
 FonioDigitaria exilis5661005871001.01.0
 MaizeZea maysMexico & Central America33,71019.069,6367.94.92.1
 MilletsDiverse speciesEthiopia19,97762.916,08353.80.90.8
 RiceOryza sativaIndia10,5386.426,8233.74.42.5
 SorghumSorghum bicolorEthiopia23,16960.723,31240.91.51.0
 TefEragrostis tefEthiopia3,0001004,7001001.61.6
 WheatTriticum spp.Middle East10,2164.724,7103.73.12.4
Food legumes (pulses)
 Bambara beansVigna subterranea2321001591000.70.7
 Beans, dryDiverse speciesDiverse7,82926.75,06921.50.80.6
 ChickpeaCicer arietinumCentral Asia5934.86965.90.91.2
 CowpeaVigna unguiculataIndia10,40292.15,40294.50.50.5
 Pigeon peaCajanus cajanIndia75414.163214.90.80.8
Vegetables
 CabbagesBrassica spp.China1245.22,8054.029.322.6
 OkraAbelmoschus esculentusEthiopia51647.41,83321.97.73.5
 TomatoLycopersicon lycopersicumMexico & Central America1,01021.017,93711.133.717.8
Oil seeds
 Castor seedRicinus communisEthiopia25014.8904.61.10.3
 SesameSesamum indicumCentral Asia3,28341.51,70842.30.50.5
 SoybeanGlycine maxChina1,6371.51,9860.82.31.2
 SunflowerHelianthus annuusNorth America1,7907.22,2235.91.51.2
Roots & tubers
 CassavaManihot esculentum13,66267.0149,4795212.910.9
 EnsetEnsete ventricosum3121007281002.32.3
 PotatoSolanum tuberosumNorth America1,8949.928,1697.718.914.8
 Sweet potatoIpomoea batatasMexico & Central America3,50643.317,99917.412.75.1
 TaroColocasia esculentaIndia1,12785.77,36773.87.66.5
 YamDioscorea spp.India4,80195.356,50096.111.711.7
Fruits
 BananaMusa spp.India1,49330.115,86315.520.610.6
 MangoMangifera indicaIndia69113.47,13516.98.110.3
 PapayaCarica papayaMexico & Central America13430.81,33010.728.59.8
 PlantainMusa spp.4,36880.826,54571.46.96.1
Others
 CocoaTheobroma cacaoMexico & Central America6,33763.83,28965.70.50.5
 CoffeeCoffea spp.Ethiopia1,99019.81,00011.30.90.5