Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Scientifica
Volume 2018, Article ID 6705305, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6705305
Research Article

Attitude and Vaccination Status of Healthcare Workers against Hepatitis B Infection in a Teaching Hospital, Ethiopia

1Department of Midwifery, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
2Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Mohammed Akibu; moc.liamg@ubikademmaham

Received 4 November 2017; Revised 5 February 2018; Accepted 1 March 2018; Published 2 April 2018

Academic Editor: Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva

Copyright © 2018 Mohammed Akibu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization (2011) Hepatitis B, Fact sheet no: 204, 2011, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en.
  2. R. Koff, “Immunologically mediated extra hepatic manifestations of viral hepatitis,” in Autoimmune liver disease, EL. Krawitt and RH. Wiesner, Eds., Raven, New York, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  3. D. Lavanchy, “Hepatitis B virus epidemiology, disease burden, treatment, arid current and emerging prevention and control measures,” Journal of Viral Hepatitis, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 97–107, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. A. Molinari, “Infection control: Its evolution to the current standard precautions,” The Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. 569–574, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. J. Awases, A. G. Nyoni, and R. Chatora, Migration of health professionals in six countries: a synthesis report, Brazzaville: World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, 2004.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Health Care Quality Promotion. Surveillance of healthcare personnel with HIV/AIDS, http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/BLOOD/hivpersonnel.htm.
  7. Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety, Needle sticks and sharps injuries, http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/needlestick_injuries.html.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “CDC guidance for evaluating health-care personnel for hepatitis b virus protection and for administering post exposure management,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 10, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. Y. Zeleke, E. Tadese, and T. Gebeyaw, “Managements of exposure to blood and body fluids among healthcare workers and medical students in university of Gondar hospital, Northwest of Ethiopia,” The Global Journal of Medical Research, vol. 13, no. 5, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. CDC, Hepatitis B Information for the Public, Atlanta: CDC Department of Viral Hepatitis, 2009.
  11. S. Colin, E. P. Simard, L. Finelli, A. E. Fiore, and B. P. Bell, “Hepatitis B virus infection: epidemiology and vaccination,” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 112–125, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. J. Ott, G. A. Stevens, J. Groeger, and S. T. Wiersma, “Global epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection: new estimates of age-specific HBsAg seroprevalence and endemicity,” Vaccine, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 2212–2219, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. Thomas, Frieden. et al., “CDC Guidance for Evaluating Health-Care Personnel for Hepatitis B Virus Protection and for Administering Postexposure Management: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,” Recommendations and Reports, vol. 62, no. 10, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  14. FMOH, Infection prevention guidelines for Healthcare Facilities in Ethiopia. Infection prevention principles, Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Federal Democratic Republic Ministry of Health, 2004.
  15. E. Tsega, “Epidemiology, prevention and treatment of viral hepatitis with emphasis on new developments,” Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 38, pp. 131–141, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  16. K. Yimer, erological and Molecular Characterization of Hepatitis B, C and D Viruses Infections among Health Professionals in Ras Desta and Tikur Anbessa ospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in Medical microbiology 2008, Addis Ababa University Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, East Africa, 2008, http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/2922.
  17. B. E. Feleke, “Low coverage of hepatitis B vaccine and determinants among health professionals working in Amhara regional state hospitals, Ethiopia,” Journal of Public Health in Africa, vol. 7, no. 2, article no. 553, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Abeje and M. Azage, “Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and vaccination status among health care workers of Bahir Dar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia: A cross sectional study,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, no. 1, article 756, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. B. Ayalew and B. A. Horsa, “Hepatitis B Vaccination Status among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Hospital in Ethiopia,” Hepatitis Research and Treatment, vol. 2017, pp. 1–8, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. T.-A. Abebaw, Z. Aderaw, and B. Gebremichael, “Hepatitis B virus vaccination status and associated factors among health care workers in Shashemene Zonal Town, Shashemene, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study,” BMC Research Notes, vol. 10, no. 1, article no. 260, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Ehreth, “The value of vaccination: A global perspective,” Vaccine, vol. 21, no. 27-30, pp. 4105–4117, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Siraj, P. Fareed, and N. Mahajan, “Assessment of knowledge attitude and practice towards hepatitis B among health care workers in a tertiary care hospital,” International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, pp. 58–61, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. T. Yousafzai, R. Qasim, and R. Khalil, “Hepatitis B Vaccination among Primary Health Care Workers in Northwest Pakistan,” International Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 67–76, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Pruss-Ustün, E. Rapiti, and Y. Hutin, “Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workers,” American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 482–490, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. G. Ouédraogo et al., “Hepatitis B vaccination status and associated factors among health care workers in Burkina Faso,” Medecine Et Sante Tropicales, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. K. Nasir et al., “Hepatitis Vaccination among Health care workers and students of Medical College,” Journal Of Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 239–243, 2000, Hepatitis Vaccination among Health care workers and students of Medical College Journal of Pakistan Medical Association. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. Pathak, C. Chaudhary, D. Pathania, P. Mishra, A. Kahlon, and S. Ahluwalia, “Hepatitis B vaccine: Coverage and factors relating to its acceptance among health care workers of a tertiary care center in North India,” International Journal of Medicine and Public Health, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 55, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. A. M. Noaman, A. E. Ahmed, and S. A. Alanee, “KAP study about Hepatitis B among Medical and Para Medical staff in Tikrit city,” Tikrit Medical journal, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 261–268, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. R. Alnoumas, F. A. Enezi, M. M. Isaeed, G. Makboul, and M. K. El-Shazly, “Knowledge, attitude and behavior of primary health care workers regarding health care-associated infections in Kuwait.,” Greener Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 092–098, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. V. Singhal, D. Bora, and S. Singh, “Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus infection in Healthcare Workers of a Tertiary care centre in India and their vaccination status,” Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination, vol. 2, no. 2, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Fatusi, A. Esimai, A. Onayade, and O. Ojo, “Aceptance of Hepatitis B vaccine by workers in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 7, pp. 608–612, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. S. Hussain, N. Asher, and P. Shams, “Hepatitis B and C Prevalence and Prevention Awareness among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary Care Hospital,” in Proceedings of the International Journal of pathology, vol. 8, pp. 16–21, 2010.
  33. R. Hesham et al., “Hepatitis B Immunization Status among Health Care Workers in Two Kuala Lumpur Hospitals,” Medical Journal of Malaysia, p. 60, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  34. H. Ziglam, M. El-Hattab, N. Shingheer, A. Zorgani, and O. Elahmer, “Hepatitis B vaccination status among healthcare workers in a tertiary care hospital in Tripoli, Libya,” Journal of Infection and Public Health, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 246–251, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. A. Biset, B. Adugna, N. Getachew, S. Amare, and A. Getnet, “Knowledge and attitude of health care professionals regarding hepatitis B virus infection and its vaccination, University of Gondar Hospital, Ethiopia,” Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research, vol. Volume 8, pp. 135–142, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Attaullah, S. Khan, Naseemullah et al., “Prevalence of HBV and HBV vaccination coverage in health care workers of tertiary hospitals of Peshawar, Pakistan,” Virology Journal, vol. 8, article no. 275, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. Afework, Knowledge, attitude and practice of hepatitis B virus and its vaccination among health care professionals in selected public hospitals of Addis, Ethiopia, Ababa, Addis Ababa university, Ethiopia, East Africa, 2015.
  38. H. O. P. Tatsilong, J. J. N. Noubiap, J. R. N. Nansseu et al., “Hepatitis B infection awareness, vaccine perceptions and uptake, and serological profile of a group of health care workers in Yaoundé, Cameroon,” BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1, article no. 706, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. Z. Janjua, M. I. Khan, and B. Mahmood, “Sharp injuries and their determinants among health care workers at first-level care facilities in Sindh Province, Pakistan,” Tropical Medicine & International Health, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1244–1251, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. Mungandi, M. Makasa, and P. Musonda, “Hepatitis B vaccination coverage and the determinants of vaccination among health care workers in selected health facilities in Lusaka district, Zambia: An exploratory study,” Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1, article no. 32, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. D. Kisic-Tepavcevic, M. Kanazir, T. Gazibara et al., “Predictors of hepatitis B vaccination status in healthcare workers in Belgrade, Serbia, December 2015,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 22, no. 16, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. C. Ibekwe and N. Ibeziako, “Hepatitis B vaccination status among health workers in Enugu, Nigeria,” Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 7–10, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. D. Ogoina, K. Pondei, B. Adetunji, G. Chima, C. Isichei, and S. Gidado, “Prevalence of hepatitis B vaccination among health care workers in Nigeria in 2011-12,” International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 51–56, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus