Scientifica / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Self-Medication among Medical and Nonmedical Students at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 2

Associated reasons, illnesses, and common medications for the most recent self-medication.

VariableFrequency (%)

Reason for self-medication
Shortage of money52 (19.6)
Shortage of time13 (4.9)
Do not like visiting and getting checked up27 (10.2)
Mildness of illness65 (24.5)
An already known disease105 (39.6)
Other reasons3 (1.1)

Sources of drugs for self-medication
Private pharmacies218 (82.2)
Governmental pharmacies24 (9.1)
Left-over medications from previous use11 (4.2)
Friends/roommates12 (4.4)

Conditions led to self-medication
Headache113 (42.7)
Cough and common cold56 (21.1)
Pain (epigastric, tooth, body)57 (21.1)
Diarrhea16 (6.1)
Dysmenorrhea9 (3.4)
Other medical conditions14 (5.3)

Categories of medications used
Analgesics155 (58.5)
Antacids10 (3.8)
Antispasmodics24 (9.1)
Antibiotics70 (26.5)
Others6 (2.3)

Others: dyspepsia (8), tonsillitis (3), and skin problems (2).

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