Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Sleep Disorders
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 726372, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/726372
Research Article

A Preliminary Evaluation of the Physiological Mechanisms of Action for Sleep Restriction Therapy

1École de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada G1V A06
2Centre d’étude des troubles du sommeil, Centre de recherche de l’institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada G1J 2G3
3Centre de recherche du centre hospitalier universitaire en santé mentale du Québec, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 4G2
4Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Sleep & Circadian Neuroscience Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK

Received 27 June 2013; Revised 8 September 2013; Accepted 16 September 2013

Academic Editor: Marco Zucconi

Copyright © 2013 Annie Vallières et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. J. Spielman, P. Saskin, and M. J. Thorpy, “Treatment of chronic insomnia by restriction of time in bed,” Sleep, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 45–56, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. M. Morin, J. P. Culbert, and S. M. Schwartz, “Nonpharmacological interventions for insomnia: a meta-analysis of treatment efficacy,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 151, no. 8, pp. 1172–1180, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. R. R. Murtagh and K. M. Greenwood, “Identifying effective psychological treatments for insomnia: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 79–89, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. T. Smith, M. L. Perlis, A. Park et al., “Comparative meta-analysis of pharmacotherapy and behavior therapy for persistent insomnia,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 1, pp. 5–11, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. R. Irwin, J. C. Cole, and P. M. Nicassio, “Comparative meta-analysis of behavioral interventions for insomnia and their efficacy in middle-aged adults and in older adults 55+ years of age,” Health Psychology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 3–14, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Morgenthaler, M. Kramer, C. Alessi et al., “Practice parameters for the psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: an update. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Report,” Sleep, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1415–1419, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. M. Morin, R. R. Bootzin, D. J. Buysse, J. D. Edinger, C. A. Espie, and K. L. Lichstein, “Psychological and behavioral treatment of insomnia: update of the recent evidence (1998-2004),” Sleep, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1398–1414, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. W. R. Pigeon and M. L. Perlis, “Sleep homeostasis in primary insomnia,” Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 247–254, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. D. Krystal and J. D. Edinger, “Sleep EEG predictors and correlates of the response to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia,” Sleep, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 669–677, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. D. Kyle, C. B. Miller, Z. Roger, M. Siriwardena, K. M. Mac Mahon, and C. A. Espie, “Sleep restriction therapy for insomnia is associated with reduced objective total sleep time, increased daytime somnolence, and objectively-impaired vigilance: implications for the clinical management of insomnia disorder,” Sleep. In press.
  11. S. D. Kyle, K. Morgan, K. Spiegelhalder, and C. A. Espie, “No pain, no gain: an exploratory within-subjects mixed-methods evaluation of the patient experience of sleep restriction therapy (SRT) for insomnia,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 735–747, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. B. Miller, S. D. Kyle, N. S. Marshall, and C. A. Espie, “Ecological momentary assessment of daytime symptoms during sleep restriction therapy for insomnia,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 22, pp. 266–272, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. G. D. Jacobs, H. Benson, and R. Friedman, “Home-based central nervous system assessment of a multifactor behavioral intervention for chronic sleep-onset insomnia,” Behavior Therapy, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 159–174, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Cervena, Y. Dauvilliers, F. Espa et al., “Effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on sleep architecture and sleep EEG power spectra in psychophysiological insomnia,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 385–393, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Backhaus, K. Junghanns, and F. Hohagen, “Sleep disturbances are correlated with decreased morning awakening salivary cortisol,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 1184–1191, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. N. Vgontzas, E. O. Bixler, H.-M. Lin et al., “Chronic insomnia is associated with nyctohemeral activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis: clinical implications,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 3787–3794, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Tucker, A. Dahlgren, T. Akerstedt, and J. Waterhouse, “The impact of free-time activities on sleep, recovery and well-being,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 653–662, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. American Psychiatric Association, Ed., Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA, 4th edition, 2000.
  19. C. M. Morin, Insomnia: Psychological Assessment and Management, The Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 1993.
  20. M. B. First, R. L. Spitzer, M. Gibbon, and J. B. W. Williams, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, Clinical Version (SCID-IV), American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA, 1997.
  21. D. H. Barlow and M. Hersen, Single-Case Experimental Designs: Strategies for Studying Behavior Change, Pergamon Press, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1984.
  22. A. E. Kazdin, Methodological Issues & Strategies in Clinical Research, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, USA, 3rd edition, 2003.
  23. M. M. Sánchez-Ortuño and J. D. Edinger, “Internight sleep variability: its clinical significance and responsiveness to treatment in primary and comorbid insomnia,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 21, pp. 527–534, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. M. Morin and C. A. Espie, Insomnia: a Clinical Guide to Assessment and Treatment, Kluwer Academic, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 2003.
  25. J. D. Edinger and M. K. Means, “Cognitive-behavioral therapy for primary insomnia,” Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 539–558, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Rechtschaffen and A. Kales, A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects, Brain Information Service/Brain Research Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif, USA, 1968.
  27. C. Iber, S. Ancoli-Israel, A. Chesson, and S. F. Quan, The AASM Manual For the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events: Rules, Terminology and Technical Specifications, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Westchester, Ill, USA, 2007.
  28. D. P. Brunner, R. C. Vasko, C. S. Detka, J. P. Monahan, C. F. Reynolds III, and D. J. Kupfer, “Muscle artifacts in the sleep EEG: automated detection and effect on all-night EEC power spectra,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 155–164, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. H. Bastien, A. Vallières, and C. M. Morin, “Validation of the insomnia severity index as an outcome measure for insomnia research,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 297–307, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Smith and J. Trinder, “Detecting insomnia: comparison of four self-report measures of sleep in a young adult population,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 229–235, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. M. Morin, G. Belleville, L. Bélanger, and H. Ivers, “The insomnia severity index: psychometric indicators to detect insomnia cases and evaluate treatment response,” Sleep, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 601–608, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. S. Gorman and D. B. Allison, “Statistical alternatives for single-case designs,” in Design and Analysis of Single-Case Research, R. D. Franklin, D. B. Allison, and B. S. Gorman, Eds., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  33. SAS Institute, SAS/STAT 9.1.3 USer'S Guide, vol. 1–7, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2005.
  34. B. E. Huitema and J. W. McKean, “Design specification issues in time-series intervention models,” Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 38–58, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G. St-Jean, I. Turcotte, and C. H. Bastien, “Cerebral asymmetry in insomnia sufferers,” Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 3, article 47, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  36. G. St-Jean, I. Turcotte, A. D. Perusse, and C. H. Bastien, “REM and NREM power spectral analysis on two consecutive nights in psychophysiological and paradoxical insomnia sufferers, International,” Journal of Psychophysiology, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 181–194, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  37. C. M. Morin, A. Vallières, B. Guay et al., “Cognitive behavioral therapy, singly and combined with medication, for persistent insomnia: a randomized controlled trial,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 301, no. 19, pp. 2005–2015, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. Riemann, K. Spiegelhalder, C. Nissen, V. Hirscher, C. Baglioni, and B. Feige, “REM sleep instability—a new pathway for insomnia?” Pharmacopsychiatry, vol. 45, pp. 167–176, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. Feige, A. Al-Shajlawi, C. Nissen et al., “Does REM sleep contribute to subjective wake time in primary insomnia? A comparison of polysomnographic and subjective sleep in 100 patients,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 180–190, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Besset, E. Villemin, M. Tafti, and M. Billiard, “Homeostatic process and sleep spindles in patients with sleep—maintenance insomnia: effect of partial (21 h) sleep deprivation,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 122–132, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. T. J. Hoelscher and J. D. Edinger, “Treatment of sleep-maintenance insomnia in older adults: sleep period reduction, sleep education, and modified stimulus control,” Psychology and Aging, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 258–263, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus