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Scientific Programming
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1907521, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1907521
Research Article

Bus Based Synchronization Method for CHIPPER Based NoC

SASTRA University, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu 613 401, India

Received 28 January 2016; Revised 12 May 2016; Accepted 7 June 2016

Academic Editor: Meng Guo

Copyright © 2016 D. Muralidharan and R. Muthaiah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Network on Chip (NoC) reduces the communication delay of System on Chip (SoC). The main limitation of NoC is power consumption and area overhead. Bufferless NoC reduces the area complexity and power consumption by eliminating buffers in the traditional routers. The bufferless NoC design should include live lock freeness since they use hot potato routing. This increases the complexity of bufferless NoC design. Among the available propositions to reduce this complexity, CHIPPER based bufferless NoC is considered as one of the best options. Live lock freeness is provided in CHIPPER through golden epoch and golden packet. All routers follow some synchronization method to identify a golden packet. Clock based method is intuitively followed for synchronization in CHIPPER based NoCs. It is shown in this work that the worst-case latency of packets is unbearably high when the above synchronization is followed. To alleviate this problem, broadcast bus NoC (BBus NoC) approach is proposed in this work. The proposed method decreases the worst-case latency of packets by increasing the golden epoch rate of CHIPPER.