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Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 436125, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/436125
Review Article

The Incidence, Prevalence, and Mortality of Stroke in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK, and the US: A Literature Review

1Evidence, Pricing, and Access Unit, HERON Evidence Development Ltd, Building 210a, Butterfield Technology Park, Luton LU2 8DL, UK
2Health Economics EMEA, GE Healthcare Ltd, Amersham Place, Little Chalfont, Buckinghamshire HP7 9NA, UK
3School of Economics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
4Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital, 80 Alcalde Rovira Roure Avenue, Lleida, 25198 Cataluna, Spain

Received 13 September 2011; Accepted 1 November 2011

Academic Editor: David S. Liebeskind

Copyright © 2012 Younan Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Although the burden of stroke in terms of mortality and disability has been well documented in previous years, data after 2000 are limited. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to identify the epidemiology of stroke in the US and EU5 nations from data published in 2000 and later. Methods. Data from literature databases and online sources were collated to identify information relating to the incidence, prevalence, and mortality of stroke from the year 2000 onwards. Results and Conclusions. Twenty-three data sources were identified. The incidence of and mortality due to stroke both increase with age and are greater in males compared to females. Stroke is a common problem and likely to worsen in the US and EU5 as their populations age. However, pre-2000 trends of decreasing stroke mortality over time have continued after 2000, reflecting a consistent improvement in the treatment and care of patients with stroke.