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Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 584727, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/584727
Review Article

Noninvasive Brain Stimulation for Motor Recovery after Stroke: Mechanisms and Future Views

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan

Received 20 July 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editor: Claudia Altamura

Copyright © 2012 Naoyuki Takeuchi and Shin-Ichi Izumi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [12 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Naoyuki Takeuchi, Yutaka Oouchida, and Shin-Ichi Izumi, “Motor Control and Neural Plasticity through Interhemispheric Interactions,” Neural Plasticity, vol. 2012, pp. 1–13, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Arun V. Krishnan, Steve Vucic, Cindy S-Y. Lin, and Matthew C. Kiernan, “Motor Cortex Excitability in Acute Cerebellar Infarct,” Cerebellum, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 826–834, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Naoyuki Takeuchi, and Shin-Ichi Izumi, “Rehabilitation with Poststroke Motor Recovery: A Review with a Focus on Neural Plasticity,” Stroke Research and Treatment, vol. 2013, pp. 1–13, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • M. Y. Cheng, E. H. Wang, W. J. Woodson, S. Wang, G. Sun, A. G. Lee, A. Arac, L. E. Fenno, K. Deisseroth, and G. K. Steinberg, “Optogenetic neuronal stimulation promotes functional recovery after stroke,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 111, no. 35, pp. 12913–12918, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Soofia Naghdi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Maryam Rastgoo, Bijan Forogh, Shohreh Jalaie, and Gholamreza Olyaei, “A pilot study on the effects of low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on lower extremity spasticity and motor neuron excitability in patients after stroke,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Naoyuki Takeuchi, and Shin-Ichi Izumi, “Combinations of stroke neurorehabilitation to facilitate motor recovery: perspectives on Hebbian plasticity and homeostatic metaplasticity,” Frontiers In Human Neuroscience, vol. 9, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dany Arsenault, Janelle Drouin-Ouellet, Martine Saint-Pierre, Petros Petrou, Marilyn Dubois, Jasna Kriz, Roger A. Barker, Antonio Cicchetti, and Francesca Cicchetti, “A novel combinational approach of microstimulation and bioluminescence imaging to study the mechanisms of action of cerebral electrical stimulation in mice,” The Journal of Physiology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Eliana Garcia-Cossio, Marianne Severens, Bart Nienhuis, Jacques Duysens, Peter Desain, Noel Keijsers, and Jason Farquhar, “Decoding Sensorimotor Rhythms during Robotic-Assisted Treadmill Walking for Brain Computer Interface (BCI) Applications,” Plos One, vol. 10, no. 12, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Cunningham, Kelsey A. Potter-Baker, Jayme S. Knutson, Vishwanath Sankarasubramanian, Andre G. Machado, and Ela B. Plow, “Tailoring Brain Stimulation to the Nature of Rehabilitative Therapies in Stroke: A Conceptual Framework Based on their Unique Mechanisms of Recovery,” Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Clinics Of North America, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 759–+, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kristyn Alissa Bates, and Jennifer Rodger, “Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for stroke rehabilitation-potential therapy or misplaced hope?,” Restorative Neurology And Neuroscience, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 557–569, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Takayuki Mori, Naoyuki Takeuchi, Sakiko Suzuki, Mika Miki, Tetsuaki Kawase, and Shin-Ichi Izumi, “Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the auditory cortex improved hearing impairment in a patient with brainstem encephalitis,” Journal Of International Medical Research, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 760–764, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nico Sollmann, Noriko Tanigawa, Lucia Bulubas, Jamil Sabih, Claus Zimmer, Florian Ringel, Bernhard Meyer, and Sandro M. Krieg, “Clinical Factors Underlying the Inter-individual Variability of the Resting Motor Threshold in Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Motor Mapping,” Brain Topography, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar