Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 194768, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/194768
Research Article

Outcome Determinants of Stroke in a Brazilian Primary Stroke Center

1Hospital Paulistano, 01321-001 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Stroke Integrated Program (PIAVEN), Amil Stroke Network, 01321-001 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Department of Neurology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, 09060-650 Santo André, SP, Brazil
4Department of Neurology, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), 04021-001 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
5Neurosciences Program, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Received 1 November 2014; Accepted 26 November 2014; Published 11 December 2014

Academic Editor: Graeme Hankey

Copyright © 2014 Gustavo W. Kuster et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. J. Hankey and C. P. Warlow, “Treatment and secondary prevention of stroke: evidence, costs, and effects on individuals and populations,” The Lancet, vol. 354, no. 9188, pp. 1457–1463, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. M. Lavados, A. J. Hennis, J. G. Fernandes et al., “Stroke epidemiology, prevention, and management strategies at a regional level: Latin America and the Caribbean,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 362–372, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. A. Lotufo, A. C. Goulart, T. G. Fernandes, and I. M. Benseñor, “A reappraisal of stroke mortality trends in Brazil (1979–2009),” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 155–163, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. R. Garritano, P. M. Luz, M. L. E. Pires, M. T. S. Barbosa, and K. M. Batista, “Analysis of the mortality trend due to cerebrovascular accident in Brazil in the XXI century,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 519–527, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Copstein, J. G. Fernandes, and G. A. N. Bastos, “Prevalence and risk factors for stroke in a population of Southern Brazil,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 294–300, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. M. Abe, P. A. Lotufo, A. C. Goulart, and I. M. Benseñor, “Stroke prevalence in a poor neighbourhood of São Paulo, Brazil: applying a stroke symptom questionnaire,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 33–39, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. J. F. de Carvalho, M. B. Alves, G. Á. A. Viana et al., “Stroke epidemiology, patterns of management, and outcomes in Fortaleza, Brazil: a hospital-based multicenter prospective study,” Stroke, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 3341–3346, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. G. Fernandes, A. C. Goulart, T. F. Campos et al., “Early stroke case-fatality rates in three hospital registries in the Northeast and Southeast of Brazil,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 869–873, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. L. R. C. Rolim and M. Martins, “Quality of care for ischemic stroke in the Brazilian Unified National Health System,” Cadernos de Saude Publica, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 2106–2116, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. H. Moro, A. R. Gonτalves, A. L. Longo et al., “Trends of the incidence of ischemic stroke thrombolysis over seven years and one-year outcome: a population-based study in Joinville, Brazil,” Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra, vol. 3, pp. 156–166, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. C. Lei, B. Wu, M. Liu et al., “Totaled health risks in vascular events score predicts clinical outcomes in patients with cardioembolic and other subtypes of ischemic stroke,” Stroke, vol. 45, pp. 1689–1694, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. C. Weimar, I. R. König, K. Kraywinkel, A. Ziegler, and H. C. Diener, “Age and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score within 6 hours after onset are accurate predictors of outcome after cerebral ischemia: development and external validation of prognostic models,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 158–162, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Saposnik, A. K. Guzik, M. Reeves, B. Ovbiagele, and S. C. Johnston, “Stroke Prognostication using age and NIH Stroke Scale: SPAN-100,” Neurology, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 21–28, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. C. Flint, S. P. Cullen, B. S. Faigeles, and V. A. Rao, “Predicting long-term outcome after endovascular stroke treatment: the totaled health risks in vascular events score,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1192–1196, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. C. Flint, B. Xiang, R. Gupta et al., “THRIVE score predicts outcomes with a third-generation endovascular stroke treatment device in the TREVO-2 trial,” Stroke, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 3370–3375, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Ntaios, M. Faouzi, J. Ferrari, W. Lang, K. Vemmos, and P. Michel, “An integer-based score to predict functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke: the ASTRAL score,” Neurology, vol. 78, no. 24, pp. 1916–1922, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. L. Sacco, S. E. Kasner, J. P. Broderick et al., “An updated definition of stroke for the 21st century: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American heart association/American stroke association,” Stroke, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 2064–2089, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. A. Valiente, M. Araújo de Miranda-Alves, G. Sampaio Silva et al., “Clinical features associated with early hospital arrival after acute intracerebral hemorrhage: challenges for new trials,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 404–408, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. C. Hemphill, D. C. Bonovich, L. Besmertis, G. T. Manley, and S. C. Johnston, “The ICH score: a simple, reliable grading scale for intracerebral hemorrhage,” Stroke, vol. 32, pp. 891–897, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. A. M. Rowat, M. S. Dennis, and J. M. Wardlaw, “Hypoxaemia in acute stroke is frequent and worsens outcome,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 166–172, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Lou, A. Safdar, M. Mehdiratta et al., “The HAT score: a simple grading scale for predicting hemorrhage after thrombolysis,” Neurology, vol. 71, no. 18, pp. 1417–1423, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Strbian, A. Meretoja, F. J. Ahlhelm et al., “Predicting outcome of IV thrombolysis—treated ischemic stroke patients: the DRAGON score,” Neurology, vol. 78, no. 6, pp. 427–432, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. M. Kissela, J. C. Khoury, K. Alwell et al., “Age at stroke: temporal trends in stroke incidence in a large, biracial population,” Neurology, vol. 79, no. 17, pp. 1781–1787, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Chiu, L. Peterson, M. S. Elkind, J. Rosand, L. M. Gerber, and M. D. Silverstein, “Glycine Antagonist in Neuroprotection Americas Trial Investigators. Comparison of outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke,” Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 19, pp. 225–229, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. G. C. Fonarow, E. E. Smith, J. L. Saver et al., “Timeliness of tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy in acute ischemic stroke: patient characteristics, hospital factors, and outcomes associated with door-to-needle times within 60 minutes,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 7, pp. 750–758, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. A. LaBresh, M. J. Reeves, M. R. Frankel, D. Albright, and L. H. Schwamm, “Hospital treatment of patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack using the “get with the guidelines” program,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 4, pp. 411–417, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. H. Schwamm, G. C. Fonarow, M. J. Reeves et al., “Get With the Guidelines-Stroke is associated with sustained improvement in care for patients hospitalized with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack,” Circulation, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 107–115, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. F. A. de Carvalho, L. H. Schwamm, G. W. Kuster, M. Bueno Alves, M. Cendoroglo Neto, and G. Sampaio Silva, “Get with the guidelines stroke performance indicators in a Brazilian tertiary hospital,” Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra, vol. 2, pp. 26–35, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  29. Y. Xian, R. G. Holloway, W. Pan, and E. D. Peterson, “Challenges in assessing hospital-level stroke mortality as a quality measure: comparison of ischemic, intracerebral hemorrhage, and total stroke mortality rates,” Stroke, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1687–1690, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus