Stroke Research and Treatment / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

TOAST Subtypes of Ischemic Stroke and Its Risk Factors: A Hospital-Based Study at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia

Table 2

Risk factors among ischemic stroke subtypes.

Risk factorsLarge artery atherosclerosisSmall vessel diseaseCardio embolicOther etiologiesUndetermined etiology
n (%)p-valuen (%)p-valuen (%)p-valuen (%)p-valuen (%)p-value

Males85 (60,7)0.5540 (61,5)0,643 (60)0,670 (0)0,1711 (47,8)0,25
Females55 (39,7)25 (38,5)
2 (40)2 (100)
12 (52,2)
Age > 65 years53 (37,9)0,2520 (30,8)0,412 (40)0,570 (0)0,427 (30,4)0,64
Hypertension118 (84,3)0,6660 (92,3)0,0234 (80)0,61 (50)0,313 (56,5)<0,001
Diabetes77 (55)0,01627 (41,5)0,190 (0)0,061 (50)0,749 (39,1)0,34
Dyslipidemia72 (51,4)0,7732 (49,2)0,790 (0)0,0281 (50)0,7414 (60,9)0,3
MI9 (6,4)0,462 (3,1)0,311 (20)0,250 (0)0,891 (4,3)0,79
AF3 (2,1)0,460 (0)0,143 (60)<0,0010 (0)0,950 (0)0,41

Chi-square test; Fisher’s exact test.

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