SRX Pharmacology

SRX Pharmacology / 2010 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2010 |Article ID 485146 | 8 pages | https://doi.org/10.3814/2010/485146

Comparison of Postprandial Responses to a High-Fat Meal in Hypertriglyceridemic Men and Women before and after Treatment with Fenofibrate in the Genetics and Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN) Study

Received26 Oct 2009
Accepted24 Nov 2009
Published18 Feb 2010

Abstract

Context. The fenofibrate effect on the subclass size distribution of lipoproteins before and after a high-fat challenge is not well studied. Objective. To characterize the baseline and post-prandial response (PPL) to a high-fat challenge following fenofibrate therapy, on changes in LDL, HDL, and VLDL particle subclasses, number, and size in 271 hypertriglyceridemic participants. Methods. Participants from the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN) study who conducted PPL studies both before and after three weeks of fenofibrate (160 mg/d) treatment were analyzed. Particle size distributions were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, and lipid determinations were measured at fasting (0 hr), 3.5 hours, and 6 hours after ingestion of a standardized high-fat meal. Analyses were stratified by gender. Changes in particle subclass distributions were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance adjusted for pedigree. Results. Before PPL, fenofibrate in men (adjusted for age, field center, smoking status, diabetes, and weight circumference) lowered fasting and postprandial VLDL primarily due to reductions in postprandial levels of large and medium VLDL particles (9 SE +/0.7 to 4 +/0.4 and 78 =/4 to 36 =/3 nmol/L both P<.0001, resp.). Fenofibrate also reduced fasting and postprandial total LDL particles, primarily a result of reduced small LDL particles (1497 =/37 to 1088 =/36 nmol/L, P<.0001). Directional changes were similar in men and women but the magnitude of change was different for some parameters. Conclusion. Fenofibrate treatment resulted in a lower triglyceride excursion following a high-fat meal. This investigation provides new knowledge of the magnitude and time course of fenofibrate induced attenuation of Lipoprotein subclass size distribution following a postprandial lipid challenge.

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Copyright © 2010 Stephen P. Glasser et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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